Counselling is as old as
society. In every-day life we find counselling goes on at many levels in a
family set-up, parents counsel their children, in society doctors counsel
patients, lawyers counsel clients and teachers counsel students.
Counselling is a process
of assistance extended by an expert in an individual situation to needy person.
According to Carl Rogers, Counselling is a series of direct
contact with the individual which aims to offer him assistance in changing the
attitudes and behavior. Counselling involves two individuals one seeking help
and other a professionally trained person helped solved problems to orient and
direct him to words a goals.
Counselling is a
personal and dynamic relationship between two individuals-an older, more
experienced and wiser (counselor) and a younger, less wise (counselee). The
latter has a problem for which he seeks the help of the former. They two work
together so that the problem may be more clearly defined and the counselee may
be helped to a self-determined solution. (Wren)
Counselling is an
accepting, trusting and safe relationship in which clients learn to discuss
openly what worries and upsets they have, to define precise behaviour goals, to
acquire the essential social skills and to develop the courage and self
confidence to implement desired new behavior. (Merle M. Ohlsen)
Achievement of positive
· Resolutions of problems.
· Improving personal effectiveness.
· Maximizing change of behavior.
· Decision making as a goal of nursing.
· Modification of behavior as a goal.
To help individuals
become self-sufficient, self-dependent, and self-directed and to adjust
themselves efficiently to the demands of a better meaningful life.
Siddiqui (2013) has
listed 10 principles of
Counselling which are
· Communicate personal warmth and make the client
feel welcome and valued as individuals.
· Act with care and respect considering the
individual and cultural differences and diversity of human experience.
· Be honest and trustworthy in all of the
individual’s professional relationships, being open, friendly and not
· Respect the confidence with which the individual
· Be empathetic and sense the feelings and
experience of another person.
· Promote the safety and wellbeing of individuals,
families, and communities.
· Seek to increase the range of choices and
opportunities for the clients.
Practice within the
scope of the individual competence.
· Treat colleagues and other professionals with
· Focus on finding solutions to the existing
problems and future decisions of the individual.
Counselling has a lot of
scope in this complex world. The scope covers the various services:
Vocational Training Corporation, 2016.)
Siddiqui (2013) has
classified the types of Counselling
3. Active listening
10. Empathy and acceptance
11. Cultural sensitivity