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Chapter: Civil - Construction Materials: Modern Materials

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Fibre textiles

Textile Fibers Are Special Many fibrous materials are not suitable to make into fabrics, e.g., corn silk or wood slivers.

Fibre textiles

 

Textile Fibers Are Special Many fibrous materials are not suitable to make into fabrics, e.g., corn silk or wood slivers. Textile fibers must have certain properties: flexible, thin (but not too thin), long (enough), cohesive, and strong(enough).Textile fibers must be flexible. Wood fibers (unlessprocessed, as into pulp) do not bend easily-you can-not make fabrics from slivers! Textile fibers are also very thin-long in relation to diameter. To be mechanically spun into yarn-drawn out and twisted-staple fibers must have sufficient length, strength, and cohe-siveness (fiber-to-fiber friction). Many seed fibers are too short, weak, and slippery to spin into yarn; kapok, for instance, can be used only for stuffing. Of course, for a fiber to be used a great deal, there must be a reasonable supply and price

 

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