ETHICS AND POSITIVE ROLES OF CODE OF ETHICS:
the trade marks of contemporary professions is code of ethics. Codes of ethics
are propagated by various professional society. These codes of ethics are
guidelines for specific group of professionalism to help them perform their
roles; to know how to conduct themselves; and to know how to resolve around
various ethical issues. These codes convey the rights, duties, and obligation
of the members of the profession.
What is code of ethics?
ü The primary aspects of codes of ethics are to
provide the basic framework for ethical judgment for a professional.
ü The codes of ethics are also referred to as the
codes of conduct, express the commitment to ethical conduct shared by members
of a profession.
ü It expresses the ethical principles and
standards in a coherent, comprehensive and accessible manner.
ü It also defines the role and responsibility of
ü It helps the professionals to apply moral and
ethical principles to the specific situations encountered in professional
ü These codes are based on five canons i.e., principle
of ethics-integrity, competence, individual responsibility, professional
responsibility, and human concerns.
ü It also be noted that ethical codes do not
establish new ethical principles. They use only those principles that are
already well established and widely accepted in society.
ü Thus the code of ethics creates an environment
within a profession where ethical behavior is norm.
Positive Roles of Code of Ethics
The code of ethics propagated by professional
societies play a vital role. They are,
3. Support for responsible conduct
4. Deterring and disciplining unethical
5. Educational and promotion of mutual
6. Contributing to positive public image of
7. Protecting the status quo suppressing dissent
within the profession and
8. Promoting business interest through restraint
Limitation of codes:
The four major limitations of codes of ethics
are as follows:
1. Codes of ethics are broad guidelines,
restricted to general and vague wordings/phrases. The codes cannot be applied
directly to all situations. Also it is impossible to predict all aspects of
moral problems that can arise in a complex, dynamic engineering profession.
2. Engineering codes often have internal
conflicts, which may result in moral dilemmas. That is, several entries in
codes overlap with each other, so there are internal conflicts. But the code
doesn‘t provide a method for resolving these conflicts.
3. The codes cannot serves as the final moral
authority for professional conduct.
4. The proliferation of codes of ethics for
different of engineering gives a feeling that ethical code is relative.