Drugs and the genitourinary system
The GU system consists of the reproductive system (the sex or-gans) and the urinary system, which includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The kidneys perform most of the work of the urinary system.
The kidneys perform several vital tasks, including:
§ disposing of wastes and excess ions in the form of urine
§ filtering blood, which regulates its volume and chemical make-up
§ helping to maintain fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balances
§ producing several hormones and enzymes
§ converting vitamin D to a more active form
§ helping to regulate blood pressure and volume by secreting renin.
Types of drugs used to treat GU disorders include:
· urinary tract antispasmodics
· erectile dysfunction therapy drugs
· hormonal contraceptives.