Try these suggestions to control common dandruff:
� Shampoo regularly
Start with a mild, nonmedicated shampoo. Gently massage your scalp to loosen flakes. Rinse thoroughly.
� Use medicated shampoo for stubborn cases
Look for those containing pyrithione zinc, salicylic acid, coal tar or selenium sulfide in brands such as Denorex, Head & Shoulders, Neutrogena T/Gel, Selsun Blue or Tegrin. For best results, use a dandruff shampoo each time you shampoo.
� Use tar-based shampoos carefully
These shampoos are strong dandruff deterrents, but they can leave a brownish stain on light-colored or gray hair. They can also make your scalp more sensitive to the sun. Check the label for ingredients.
� Treat your hair gently
Dandruff shampoos can be harsh on your hair and scalp. Use a conditioner regularly. For mild cases of dandruff, alternate dandruff shampoo with your regular shampoo.
� See a dermatologist
If dandruff persists or if your scalp becomes irritated or severely itchy, you may need a prescription shampoo. An antifungal cream called ketoconazole (Nizoral) often works against dandruff and is available as a shampoo.