Applied trimming is a decoration in which the garment fabric is modified or used as a base to work the required decoration. Some of the common types of applied trimmings are explained below:
Felt is a non woven fabric. It is made by com-pressing fibres together by application of heat till they form a solid fabric. Wool, synthetic and cotton fibre can be compressed to form felt fibre. Special kind of needles is used for felting. Felt can be shaped in any form. They are available in variety of colours and fibres. This looks like an extra layer of material on the garment (Figure 14.11).
Satin ribbons are long thin strips of woven fabrics. It is used to develop beautiful motifs. It gives a classic look when used for special events. They are available in single sided and double sided styles. They are available in bright colours which gives the designer an opportunity to use his cre-ativeness. They can be used for wedding gowns as well as for craft work. When used with other decorative items such as beads, sequins, fasteners they give a rich look (Figure 14.12).
Ari work or ari embroidery is embroi-dery done along with the help of a hook. Generally chain stitches are made along with beads and muthia. Silk thread and metal wires are used. Zardosi embroidery is a decorative metallic embroidery work done by using thin wire threads with circular and spiral shaped metallic pieces. Gold and silver colours threads are used (Figure 14.13).
3D foam embroidery is a special tech-nique, with digitalizing process. Foam is introduced in specific areas. Example a letter or flower motif in a design. It is then stitched by machine. The stitches enter the foam and lock the foam into the required fabric (Example: Logo designs).