Steps to check rapid growth of population
(1) Couple Protection Rate (CPR)
CPR should be increased, which means the percentage of couples using birth control or family planning methods should go up.
(2) Infant Mortality rate (IMR)
IMR must be reduced further because when infants die in lesser numbers, there is an incentive to adopt small family norm by the people.
(3) Industrialisation of the country
The burden of population on land must be reduced. Cottage and small scale industries must be developed in villages to provide employment to the maximum number of people. This leads to increase in standard of living which acts as a check on population growth.
(4) Increase in Female Literacy Rate and Education
The educated people have a better and more responsible outlook towards the size of their families. They can understand the advantages of a
small family and adopt family planning methods to reduce the family size. This will help in reducing the birth rate.
(5) Late Marriages
Late marriages must be encouraged. At the same time, early marriages must be strictly checked. The minimum age of marriage for boys at 21 years and for girls at 18 years should be strictly followed in real life.
(6) Legal Steps
Strict laws must be made and enforced to check early marriages and polygamy.
(7) Family Planning
This is the most important measure to check the rapid growth of population. Family Planning means limiting the size of the family. The Family Planning Campaign should be a national movement. Education about family planning must be made common. People must me made aware of the different methods of birth control.
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