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Chapter: Diseases of The Brain and Nervous System(A Health Education Guide): Paralysis - Stroke

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Risk factors responsible for occurrence of a stroke

ii. Diabetes iii. High lipids (fats) in the blood iv. Obesity (excess weight)

Risk factors responsible for occurrence of a stroke are as under :

 

i.        High blood pressure

 

ii.                   Diabetes

 

iii.               High lipids (fats) in the blood

 

iv.               Obesity (excess weight)

 

v.               Smoking, tobacco or alcohol abuse

 

vi.               Heart disease (IHD), diseases of the valve, irregular pulse (AF)

 

vii.               Previous stroke or T.I.A

 

viii.               Use of Contraceptive pills

 

ix.               Hectic lifestyle, stress or sedentary life and lack of exercise

 

x.               Genetic causes

 

xi.               Diseases of the blood that result in clotting or increased viscosity of the blood

 

xii.               Diseases like collagen disease, anticardiolipin syndrome

 

xiii.               Metabolic diseases like Homocysteinuria, and

 

xiv.               Addiction to cocaine and other drugs.

 

Many of the above mentioned risk factors are common to heart disease and stroke. These factors can be effectively controlled by regular treatment and preventive measures.

People beyond the age of 40, need regular medical examinations If any of the family member has suffered from a heart disease or a stroke, it is necessary for the other members to take extra precautions.

There are some of less-known but potential factors, which may cause a stroke. Presence of infectious disease in the body, electrolyte imbalance (Sodium-Potassium), lowhemoglobin levels, environment, hardness of water etc. may be some of the reasons for stroke, but they are not yet accepted universally.

It should also be noted that 40% of the patients of stroke have no apparent and visible risk factors worth accounting for the stroke.


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