World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
In October 1994, Tim Berners-Lee founded an organization—called the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)—devoted to developing nonproprietary, interoperable technol- ogies for the World Wide Web. One of the W3C’s primary goals is to make the web uni-versally accessible—regardless of ability, language or culture. The W3C home page (www.w3.org) provides extensive resources on Internet and web technologies.
The W3C is also a standardization organization. Web technologies standardized by the W3C are called Recommendations. W3C Recommendations include the Extensible HyperText Markup Language (XHTML), Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), HyperText Markup Language (HTML—now considered a “legacy” technology) and the Extensible Markup Language (XML). A recommendation is not an actual software product, but a document that specifies a technology’s role, syntax rules and so forth.
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