Home | | English 12th Std | Questions Answers

All the World’s a Stage | Poem | By William Shakespeare - Questions Answers | 12th English : Poem : All the World’s a Stage

Chapter: 12th English : Poem : All the World’s a Stage

Questions Answers

English : Poem : All the World’s a Stage - By William Shakespeare : Questions based on Poem (English Book back answers and solution for Exercise questions)

1.  Fill in the blanks using the words given in the box to complete the summary of the poem.

Shakespeare considers the whole world a stage where men and women are only (1) actors. They (2) enter the stage when they are born and exit when they die. Every man, during his life time, plays seven roles based on age. In the first act, as an infant, he is wholly (3) dependent on the mother or a nurse. Later, emerging as a school child, he slings his bag over his shoulder and creeps most (4) reluctantly to school. His next act is that of a lover, busy (5) composing ballads for his beloved and yearns for her (6) attention. In the fourth stage, he is aggressive and ambitious and seeks (7) reputation in all that he does. He (8) promises solemnly to guard his country and becomes a soldier. As he grows older, with (9) maturity and wisdom, he becomes a fair judge. During this stage, he is firm and (10) serious. In the sixth act, he is seen with loose pantaloons and spectacles. His manly voice changes into a childish treble. The last scene of all is his second childhood. Slowly, he loses his faculties of sight, hearing, smell and taste and exits from the roles of his life.


 

2.  From your understanding of the poem, answer the following questions briefly in a sentence or two.

a) What is the world compared to?

The world is compared to a drama stage.

b)  “And they have their exits and their entrances” - What do the words ‘exits’ and ‘entrances’ mean?

The words ‘exits’ and entrances’ mean birth and death.

c)  What is the first stage of a human’s life?

The first stage of a human’s life is infant.

d)  Describe the second stage of life as depicted by Shakespeare.

The second stage of a human’s life is a school boy. He slings his bag over his shoulder and creeps most reluctantly to school.

e)  How does a man play a lover’s role?

A man plays a lover’s role by busily composing ballads for his beloved and he yearns for her attention.

f)  Bring out the features of the fourth stage of a man as described by the poet. a )

In the fourth stage, a man is aggressive and ambitious and seeks reputation in all that he does. He promises solemnly to guard his country and becomes a soldier.

g)  When does a man become a judge? How?

As he grows older, with maturity and wisdom, he becomes a fair judge. During this stage, he is firm and serious.

h)  Which stage of man’s life is associated with the ‘shrunk shank’?

The sixth stage of man’s life is associated with the ‘shrunk shank’.

i) Why is the last stage called second childhood?

Slowly, the man loses his faculties of sight, hearing, smell and taste and exits from the roles of his life like a child.

 

3.  Explain the following lines briefly with reference to the context.

a)  “They have their exits and their entrances;

And one man in his time plays many parts,”

Context : The above lines are taken from the poem “All the world’s a stage”, written by “William Shakeshpeare”. It is an extract from Shakespeare’s play “As you like it”.

Explanation: In a drama, every player enters the stage, acts his/her part and then exits. In the same way, We enter in this world by birth. We lead our life in different characters. We exit from this world at the time of our death.

Comment : Shakespeare’s comparison of man’s life with a drama stage is very opt.


b)  “Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel,

Seeking the bubble reputation”.

Context The above lines are taken from the poem “All the world’s a stage”, written by “William Shakeshpeare”. It is an extract from Shakespeare’s play “As you like it”. According to the poet, every man has seven stages during his life time. These lines describe the fourth stage of a man’s attitude.

Explanation: In his fourth stage, as a soldier, a man is very jealous in his honour. He is ready to fight with his enemy. He wants to gain the unstable fame and name even by sacrificing his life on the battlefield.

Comment : Shakespeare here shows the fourth stage man’s attitude of yearning for reputation.


c)  “Is second childishness and mere oblivion;

Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.”

Context : The above lines are taken from the poem “All the world’s a stage”, written by “William Shakeshpeare”. It is an extract from Shakespeare’s play “As you like it”. According to the poet, every man has seven stages during his life time. These lines describe the last stage of a man’s life.

Explanation: The last stage of a man is known as his second childhood. A child can not see, hear, smell and taste anything, during childhood. When a man grow old, slowly he loses his senses of sight, hearing, smell and taste like the child. So this stage of his life is considered as second childhood.

Comment : Shakespeare clearly expresses his views on the final stage of a man.

 

4.  Read the poem once again carefully and identify the figure of speech that has been used in each of the following lines from the poem.

a)  “All the world's a stage” - Metaphor

b)  “And all the men and women merely players” - Metaphor

c)  “And shining morning face, creeping like snail” - Simile

d)  “Full of strange oaths, and bearded like the pard,” - Simile

e)  “Seeking the bubble reputation” - Metaphor

f)  “His youthful hose, well sav’d, a world too wide” - Metaphor

g)  “and his big manly voice, turning again toward childish treble” - Metaphor

 

5.  Pick out the words in ‘alliteration’ in the following lines.

a)  “and all the men and women merely players” - men – merely

b)  “And one man in his time plays many parts” - man - many; plays, parts

c)  “Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel.” - quick – quarrel

 

6.  Read the given lines and answer the questions that follow.


a)  Then the whining school-boy, with his satchel

And shining morning face, creeping like snail

Unwillingly to school.

i.  Which stage of life is being referred to here by the poet?

The second stage of life is being referred to here by the poet.

ii.  What are the characteristics of this stage?

Laziness and unwillingness to go to school are the characteristics of this stage.

iii.  How does the boy go to school?

The boy goes to school unwillingly.

iv.  Which figure of speech has been employed in the second line?

Creeping like snail - simile


b)  Then a soldier,

full of strange oaths, and bearded like the pard,

Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel,

Seeking the bubble reputation

Even in the cannon's mouth.

i.  What is the soldier ready to do?

The soldier is ready to guard his country.

ii.  Explain ‘bubble reputation’.

Shakespeare means ‘bubble reputation’ a short lived glory.

iii.  What are the distinguishing features of this stage?

In the fourth stage of his life, a man is aggressive and ambitious. He seeks reputation in all that he does. He promises solemnly to guard his country and becomes a soldier.


c)  And then the justice,

In fair round belly with good capon lin'd,

With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,

Full of wise saws and modern instances;

i.  Whom does justice refer to?

Justice refers to a judge, someone very respected.

ii.  Describe his appearance.

He is fair. He has round belly and formal beard.

iii.  How does he behave with the people around him?

He behaves firm and serious with the people around him.

iv.  What does he do to show his wisdom?

He shows his wisdom in his wise sayings and modem instances.


i)     “All the world's a stage,

And all the men and women merely players;

a.          What does the poet consider the whole world?

The poet considers the whole world a stage.

b.         Why does the poet compare the world to a stage?

The poet compares the world to a stage because he thought all men and women behave like the actors of a drama.

c.          Who are the players in the drama of life?

All the men and women are the players.

d.         What does the wod ‘Players’ refer?

The word ‘players’ refers to actors.


ii. They have their exits and their entrances;

And one man in his time plays many parts,

a.          What do the players have?

The players have their exits and entrances in the world.

b.         What do ‘they’ refer?

‘They’ refers to men and women.

c.          What does ‘parts’ refer to here?

‘Parts’ refers to characters in a drama.


iii. His acts being seven ages. At first the infant, Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms;

a.          How many stages are in the life time?

There are seven stages in the life time.

b.         Who is known as a nurse?

Mother is known as a nurse.


iv.   Then the whining school-boy, with his satchel 

And shining morning face, creeping like snail

a.          Does the boy go to the school willingly?

No, the boy doesn’t go to the school willingly.

b.         Who is compared to the snail?

The school going boy is compared to the snail.

c.          What does the boy carry to school?

The boy carries his shoulder bag on his back.


v. Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad 

Made to his mistress' eyebrow.

a.          How does the lover sigh?

The lover sighs like a furnace.

b.         What does “woeful ballad” mean?

“Woeful ballad” means unhappy (or) sad song.


vi. Full of strange oaths, and bearded like the pard, 

Jealous in honour, sudden and quick in quarrel, 

Seeking the bubble reputation

Even in the cannon's mouth.

a.          What does the phrase ‘jealous in horror’ mean?

The phrase jealous in horror means ‘the young man takes great care of his honour and his reputation as a good man’.

b.         What does the phrase “sudden and quick in quarrel” mean?

The above phrase means ‘in an argument the youngman might suddenly becomes violent.’

c.          How was his beard?

His beard was like a large cat, such as a leopard.


vii. In fair round belly with good capon lin'd,

With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,

Full of wise saws and modern instances;

a.          What does the phrase ‘capon lin’d’ mean?

Capon lin’d means ‘to fill something at the edges’. Here it means ‘the man was fat from eating good chicken’.

b.         Describe the apperance of the judge.

The judge’s eyes were severe and he had a formal cut of beard. He was very fair.

c.          How does the judge look like?

The judge looks like very firm and serious.

d.         Whose eyes are referred to here?

The judge’s eyes are referred to here.


viii. The sixth age shifts

Into the lean and slipper'd pantaloon,

With spectacles on nose and pouch on side;

a.          What does the poet mean the phrase ‘lean and slipper’d pantaloon”?

This phrase means ‘a thin old man’.

b.         How is the man on the sixth stage?

The man is thin. He wears spectacles on nose and has a pouch on side.


ix)    Is second childishness and mere oblivion;

Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything. ”

a.          What does ‘sans’ mean?

‘Sans’ means without.

b.         What is second childishness’?

At the last stage, the man becomes like a child again. It is known as second childishness.

c.          Describe the last stage.

At the last stage, man loses his eye sight, hearing, smell, and taste.


7.  Complete the table based on your understanding of the poem.


child : crying

judge : wise saying

soldier : ambitious

school boy : unhappy

second childhood : loses faculties

second stage : whining

old man : oblivion

 

8.  Based on your understanding of the poem, answer the following questions in about 100 – 150 words each. You may add your own ideas if required, to present and justify your point of view.


a)  Describe the various stages of a man’s life picturised in the poem “All the World’s a stage.”

According to Shakespeare, the world is a stage and everyone is a player. He says that every man has seven stages during his life time. The first stage of a man is childhood. He plays in the arms of his mother. He often vomits and cries in this stage. In his second stage, the man is an unwilling school going student. He becomes a lover in his third stage. He is very busy composing ballads for his beloved and yearns for her attention. In the fourth stage, he is aggressive and ambitious. He seeks reputation in all what he does. He is ready to guard his country and becomes a soldier. In his fifth stage, he becomes a fair judge with maturity and wisdom. In the sixth stage, he is seen with loose pantaloons and spectacles. His manly voice changes into a childish treble. The last stage of all is his second childhood. Slowly, he loses his faculties of sight, hearing, smell and taste and exits from the roles of his life. Thus Shakespeare pictures the seven stages of a man’s life in the poem ‘All the World’s a Stage’.


b) Shakespeare has skilfully brought out the parallels between the life of man and actors on stage. Elaborate this statement with reference to the poem.

Shakespeare considers the whole world a stage where men and women are only actors. In a drama, every player enters the stage, acts his/her part and then exits. In the same way, We enter in this world by birth. We lead our life in different characters. We exit from this world at the time of our death. Shakespeare says that every man has seven stages during his life time. In a drama, a player loves his beloved for the sake of the play. At the end, the players say goodbyes and part away. In real life, husband and wife lead their life till death knocks at their door. Like the drama’s end, death parts them. The players in the drama really wants the reputation for their performance. For fame and name, they give their best on the stage. A man in the fourth stage also is an aggressive and ambitious. He seeks reputation in all what he does, like the player in the drama. Thus Shakespeare has skilfully brought out the parallels between the life of man and actors on stage.


ESSAY

• Introduction

• Role of a man

• Seven Stages

• Conclusion


Introduction:

William Shakespeare is one of the most important literary figures of the English language. He compares the world to be a stage and life to a play and catalogues the seven stages of a man’s life

Role of a man:

According to Shakespeare, the world is a stage and everyone is a player. He says that every man has seven stages during his life time.

Seven Stages:

• The first stage of a man is childhood. He plays in the arms of his mother. He often vomits and cries in this stage.

·            In his second stage, he is a school going student. He slings his bag over his shoulder and creeps to school unwillingly.

·            He becomes a lover in his third stage. He is very busy composing ballads for his beloved and yearns for her attention.

·            In the fourth stage, he is aggressive and ambitious. He is willing to die in a battle to earn ‘the bubble reputation’. He is ready to guard his country and becomes a soldier.

·            In his fifth stage, he becomes a fair judge with maturity and wisdom. He has a pot belly. He is firm and serious.

·            In the sixth stage, he is seen with loose pantaloons and spectacles. He is a thin old man. His manly voice changes into a childish treble.

·            The last stage of all is his second childhood. Slowly, he loses his faculties of sight, hearing, smell and taste and exits from the roles of his life.

Conclusion:

Thus Shakespeare pictures the seven stages of a man’s life in the poem ‘All the World’s a Stage’.

Life is like a drama, and we all are actors in it, playing our individual roles

Tags : All the World’s a Stage | Poem | By William Shakespeare , 12th English : Poem : All the World’s a Stage
Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail
12th English : Poem : All the World’s a Stage : Questions Answers | All the World’s a Stage | Poem | By William Shakespeare


Privacy Policy, Terms and Conditions, DMCA Policy and Compliant

Copyright © 2018-2023 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.