The learner should be able to
Observe identify, name, understand and describe the importance of leaves, flowers, vegetables and fruits.
Selvi went to a garden, She saw a yellow flower on the tomato plant, she went to pluck it. A bee came and said, "Please, leave it for me. It is my food".
She saw a red tomato on the tomato plant. She went to pluck it. A parrot came and said, "Please, leave it for me. It is my food".
She saw a green leaf on the tomato plant. A grasshopper came and said, "Please don't pluck the leaf. It is my food."
Watering the plant, Selvi said, "You provide food for all of us. Thank you very much".
Let us go on a joyful journey into the world of plants.
Let us talk
Plants have different kinds of leaves. They are of various sizes, shapes, colours and textures. Talk about some leaves that you have seen around you.
Here are some helping words.
Vocabulary: light green, dark green, soft, smooth, rough, edge, sharp, rounded, dry, big, small, tip
Banana (Vazhai), Mango (Maangai), Drumstick (Murungai), Neem (Veppa Ilai), Coconut (Thennai), Basil (Tulasi), Mint (Pudhina), Coriander (Kothamalli), Curry leaves (Karuveppilai)
Compare the leaves. Use the words you have learnt.
Dark green in colour, thick leaf, Rough leaf
Dark green leaf, Thick leaf, blunt edge
Ligjht green leaf, thin leaf
Light green leaf, round shapped leaf
Leaf Rubbing. Let us make a leaf pattern using crayons.
Bring one leaf to class. Observe the changes in the leaf over a week.
• Look at the pictures. These are some flowers that we see around us. Let us name them.
Fire cracker (Kanakambaram), Jasmine (Malli), Marigold (Samanthi), Lotus (Tamarai), Frangipani (Sampangi), Rose (Roja), Screw pine (Thazhampoo), Chrysanthemum (Samanthi), Hari champa (Manoranjitham)
• Which flower do you like? Describe that flower.
I like the floer Jamine
Its petals care so soft and it smells good
The petals are white in colour
Here are some helping words.
Vocabulary: smell, petal, soft, smooth, rough, thorn, colour, red, pink, white, yellow
Some flowers have a sweet smell.
Champaca (Shenbagam), Jasmine, Rose
We can keep flowers fresh as shown above.
Flowers have different kinds of petals. Observe the shapes of the petals.
• Match the flowers with their petals.
I went to the market
With my bag
To buy red tomatoes
Big brown potatoes
Round and fat
Long and thin
Orange and green
Big and small
And drumsticks long
My bag became heavy
I came back home
With my basket full
Let us talk
We all eat vegetables.
They keep us healthy and strong.
Which vegetables do you like?
Can you describe them?
I like the vegetable,carrot It will be different sizes and orange in colour. It is also a healthy vegetable.
Here are some words to help you.
Vocabulary: smooth, rough, big, small, size, shape, colour, heavy, light, taste, watery, hard, round, long, brown, orange, green, red, purple
Observe how nicely the vegetables are arranged We see cabbages, tomatoes, cucumber, ridgegourd, carrots and many more Shall we identify them?
A Vegetable Shop
Here are some commonly used vegetables.
Look at the different varieties of brinjals given below.
Observe the vegetable man. Identify the vegetables he is made of. Describe them using the words you have learnt. Answer the questions.
• Which vegetables are hard ? Pumpkin
• Which vegetable is green and long? Snack gourd
• Which vegetable is orange in colour? Carrot
One group describes a vegetable and the other group names it.
• You can play this game with your friends.
Fruits keep us healthy. There are many kinds of fruits.
Most fruits change their colour when they ripen.
These are some fleshy fruits.
These are some juicy fruits.
These are some small fruits.
Some fruits are big.
These are some fruits that are sour.
Some fruits are sweet.
These are some fruits that taste both sweet and sour.
These are some dry fruits.
Do You Know? Birds and squirrels like fruits.
You have learnt about many kinds of fruits.
You describe a fruit and your friend should name it.
Fill in the blanks.
1. O R A N G E
2. G R A P E S.
3. M A N G O.
4. S A P O T A.
5. P A P A Y A.
Connect the fruit to its name.
Fruits are grown in orchards..
How do they reach our homes from there ?
Sequence the pictures in the right order by numbering them.
What does this picture show?
Always wash fruits and vegetables before you eat.