V. Give short answers
1. What is foreign policy?
Foreign policy can be defined as a country's policy that is conceived, designed and formulated to safeguard and promote her national interests in her external affairs, in the conduct of relationships with other countries, both bilaterally and multilaterally.
2. Explain India’s nuclear policy.
• India is always for disarmament. It is against the use of nuclear weapons.
• Indian nuclear programme in 1974 and 1998 is only done for strategic purposes.
• The two themes of India's nuclear doctrine are "No first use and Credible minimum deterrence".
• India has decided not to use nuclear power for offensive purposes and would never use against any non-nuclear state.
3. Differentiate: Domestic policy and Foreign policy
1 Domestic policy is the nation's plan for dealing issues within its own nation.
2 It includes laws focusing on domestic affairs, social welfare, health care, education, civil rights, economic issues and social issues.
1 Foreign policy is the nation's plan for dealing with other nations.
2 Trade, diplomacy, sanctions, defence, intelligence and global environments are the types of foreign policy.
4. List any four guiding principles of Panchsheel?
1. Mutual non-aggression
2. Mutual non-interference
3. Equality and co-operation for mutual benefit.
4. Peaceful co-existence
5. What was the reason for India to choose the path of Non-Alignment?
Both the superpowers America and Russia were trying to extend their influence over the newly emerged nations of Asia and Africa, Nehru was opposed to the rivalry of the two superpowers. So India chose the path of Non-alignment.
6. List out the member countries of SAARC.
8. Sri Lanka
7. Name the architects of the Non-Aligned movement.
• Jawaharlal Nehru of India
• Nasser of Egypt
• Kwame Nkumarah of Ghana
• Tito Yugoslavia
• Sukarno of Indonesia
8. Mention the main tools of foreign policy.
• Treatles and executive agreements
• Foreign aid
• Appointing ambassadors
• International trade
• Armed forces