SCIENCE

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 06:05 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

Tactile information is transmitted at close range, when fish are in contact.....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 06:04 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

Exchanges involving chemicals primarily involve the release and reception of pheromones, which are chemicals secreted by one fish and detected by cons....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 06:03 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

Sound production occurs in well over 50 families of cartilaginous and bony fishes.....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 06:03 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

Communication involves the transfer of information between individuals during which at least the signal sender derives some adaptive benefit .....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 05:59 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

The literature on social and reproductive behavior in fishes has increasingly focused on the variety of tactics that fishes use, both among and within....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 05:58 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

As with foraging, caring for offspring by parents creates a series of potential trade-offs.....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 05:58 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

The most common care-giver in fishes is the male. Males alone or in combination with females (=biparental care) account for approximately 80% of 77 fa....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 05:57 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

Parental care is surprisingly common, widespread, and diverse in fishes .....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 05:56 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

The final act of spawning may take place in the water column, above the bottom, in contact with plants and rocks, and in some special cases, out of wa....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 05:49 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

Many fishes spawn in nests. Nests may be no more elaborate than a simple depression that either or both sexes excavate in the bottom by fanning vigoro....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 05:49 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

Courtship is the series of behavioral actions performed by one or both members of a mating pair just prior to spawning.....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 05:48 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

Many fishes spawn in nests. Nests may be no more elaborate than a simple depression that either or both sexes excavate in the bottom by fanning vigoro....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 05:47 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

Some traits of an animal function primarily to attract mates or to aid in battles between members of one sex for access to the other sex.....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 05:46 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

Although the vast majority of fishes are gonochoristic, with sex determined at an early age and remaining fixed as male or female, a significant numbe....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 05:46 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

Mating systems are defined by the number of mating partners an individual has during a breeding season.....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 05:45 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

Most fishes are iteroparous, spawning more than once during their lives (e.g., sharks, lungfishes, sturgeons, gars, tarpons, minnows, trouts, codfishe....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 05:44 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

Important components of a breeding system include frequency of mating, number of partners, and gender role of average individuals.....

Under : SCIENCE    Posted On :  07.08.2017 05:43 pm    Author :  Gene S. Helfman, Bruce B. Collette, Douglas E. Facey, Brian W. Bowen

It is important to realize that most predators are also prey and that foraging decisions often must be made in the context of danger to the feeder. ....