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The Massage Connection ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY -

The Massage Connection ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology


-:- Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology - The Massage Connection
-:- Levels of Organization-An Overview
-:- The Holistic Approach
-:- Homeostasis
-:- Systems of the Body
-:- Planes of Reference
-:- Human Anatomic Position
-:- Directional References - Human Anatomy and Physiology
-:- Body Regions - Massage Connection
-:- Body Cavities - Massage Connection
-:- Levels of Organization
-:- Chemical Level of Organization
-:- Cellular Level of Organization
-:- Tissue Level of Organization
-:- The Atom
-:- Isotopes
-:- Chemical Bonds
-:- Chemical Reactions in the human body
-:- Acidity and Alkalinity in the human body
-:- Important Organic Compounds in the Body
-:- Organelles
-:- The Nucleus
-:- Cell Membrane (Plasma Membrane)
-:- Membrane Transport in Cell: Passive and Active Transport
-:- The Cell Life Cycle
-:- Epithelial Tissue
-:- Epithelia Classification: Simple, Stratified, Glandular Epithelium
-:- Connective Tissue
-:- Effects of Age on Tissue
-:- Implications for Bodyworkers

Integumentary System


-:- Integumentary System
-:- Functions of the Skin
-:- Structure of the Skin
-:- The Epidermis - Structure of the Skin
-:- The Dermis - Structure of the Skin
-:- Nerve Supply to The Skin
-:- Blood Circulation in the Skin
-:- Skin and Temperature Control
-:- Variation in Skin Color
-:- Blood Flow and Skin Color Changes
-:- Pigmentation of Skin By Carotene
-:- Subcutaneous Layer, or Hypodermis
-:- Accessory structures of the skin
-:- Absorption Through the Skin
-:- Microorganisms on the Skin
-:- Inflammation and Healing on the surface of the skin
-:- Effects of Aging on theIntegumentary System
-:- Integumentary System and Bodyworkers
-:- Massage Techniques and the Effects on the Body
-:- Effect of Heat on Skin
-:- Effect of Cold on Skin
-:- Water and Skin
-:- Body Wraps and Skin
-:- Skin Lesions and Bodyworkers

Skeletal System and Joints


-:- The Skeletal System
-:- Bone Functions
-:- Structure and Formation of Bone
-:- Bone Remodeling
-:- Parts of a Long Bone
-:- Types of Bones
-:- Human Skeleton
-:- The Skull
-:- Bones of the Face
-:- The Mandible - The Axial Skeleton
-:- The Vertebral Column - Axial Skeleton
-:- Vertebral Regions and Spinal Curvatures - The Vertebral Column
-:- Characteristics of Vertebrae in Different Regions - Vertebral Column
-:- The Sacrum - Vertebral Column
-:- Intervertebral Disks - Vertebral Column
-:- The Thorax
-:- Pectoral Girdle and the Upper Limbs
-:- The Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limbs
-:- The Pelvic Girdle
-:- Ilium - Pelvic Girdle
-:- Ischium - Pelvic Girdle
-:- The Femur - Pelvic Girdle
-:- The Patella - Pelvic Girdle
-:- The Tibia - Pelvic Girdle
-:- The Fibula - Pelvic Girdle
-:- The Ankle - Pelvic Girdle
-:- Joint Classifications
-:- Stability of Synovial Joints
-:- Movement Across the Joints
-:- Classification of Synovial Joints
-:- Individual Joints
-:- TemporoMandibular Joint (TMJ)
-:- Intervertebral Articulation
-:- RIB Cage Articulations
-:- Joints of the Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limb
-:- The Sternoclavicular Joint
-:- Acromioclavicular Joint
-:- Glenohumeral Joint
-:- The Elbow Joint
-:- Joints of the Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limbs
-:- Sacroiliac Joint
-:- The Hip Joint
-:- The Knee Joint
-:- Tibiofibular Joint (Proximal and Distal)
-:- The Ankle Joint and Joints of the Foot
-:- Arches of the Foot
-:- Age-Related Changes on the Skeletal System and Joints
-:- The Skeletal System, Joints, and Massage

Muscular System


-:- Muscle Tissue and Physiology of Muscle Contraction
-:- Structure of Skeletal Muscle
-:- Myofilament: the Specialized proteins of Myofibrils
-:- Sliding Filament Mechanism
-:- Characteristics of Whole muscle Contraction
-:- Muscle Tone
-:- Muscle Spindles
-:- Tendon Organs
-:- Isotonic and Isometric contractions
-:- Muscle Energetics
-:- A Summary of the Role of CNS in Muscle Function Control
-:- Physical Conditioning - Muscular System
-:- Cardiac, Smooth, and Skeletal Muscle
-:- Cardiac Muscle and Skeletal Muscle
-:- Smooth Muscle and Skeletal Muscle
-:- Muscle Terminology and Major Muscles of the Body
-:- The Axial Musculature - Origin and Insertion of Muscles
-:- Appendicular Musculature - Origin and Insertion of Muscles
-:- Muscles Of The Lower Limb - Origin and Insertion of Muscles
-:- Muscular System and Aging
-:- Muscular System and Massage

Nervous System


-:- Organization of the Nervous System
-:- Structure of the Neuron
-:- The Synapse
-:- Classification of Neurons
-:- Neuroglia
-:- Production and Propagation of Impulses
-:- Differences in Propagation of action Potential in Myelinatedand Unmyelinated Axons
-:- Synaptic Transmission
-:- Examples of Neurotransmitters
-:- Electrical Synapses - Nervous System
-:- Summation - Nervous System
-:- Factors that Affect Neural Function
-:- Functional Organization of Neurons
-:- Standard Terms and Grouping - Nervous System
-:- Regeneration and Degenerationof Neurons
-:- Sense Organs and Initiation of Impulses
-:- Cutaneous Receptors - Sensory Nervous System
-:- An Overview of Electrical and Ionic Events in Receptors
-:- Perception of Sensations - Sensory Nervous System
-:- The Spinal Cord, Spinal nerves, and Dermatomes
-:- Anatomic Structure of the Spinal Cord
-:- Distribution of Spinal Nerves
-:- Nerve Plexus
-:- Reflexes - Nervous System
-:- Monosynaptic Reflex:The Stretch Reflex
-:- Muscle Spindle - Nervous System
-:- Reciprocal Innervation - Nervous System
-:- Inverse Stretch Reflex - Nervous System
-:- Polysynaptic Reflexes: Withdrawal Reflex
-:- The Final Common Path - Nervous System
-:- Input to Motor Neurons - Nervous System
-:- Pathways of Cutaneous and Visceral Sensations
-:- Direct Pathway of Fine Touch and Proprioception Senses
-:- Direct Pathway of Pain and temperature (and Remaining fibers of Touch) Senses
-:- Representation of the Body in the Cerebral Cortex
-:- The Brain and Brain Divisions
-:- Integrative Centers - Brain and Brain Divisions
-:- Right and Left Hemisphere Specializations - Brain and Brain Divisions
-:- The Limbic System - Brain and Brain Divisions
-:- The Thalamus - Brain and Brain Divisions
-:- The Hypothalamus - Brain and Brain Divisions
-:- Cranial Nerves
-:- Control of Posture and Movement
-:- General Principles of the Control of Voluntary Movements
-:- The Motor Cortex - Control of Posture and Movement
-:- Lesions and Muscle Tone - Control of Posture and Movement
-:- Vestibular Apparatus - Control of Posture and Movement
-:- Motor System Lesions - Control of Posture and Movement
-:- The Autonomic Nervous System
-:- Age-Related Changes in the Nervous System
-:- Bodyworkers and the Nervous System

Endocrine System


-:- General Properties of Hormones
-:- Control of Endocrine Glands
-:- Hypothalamus - The Endocrine Glands
-:- The Pituitary Gland (Hypophysis) - The Endocrine Glands
-:- Thyroid Gland - The Endocrine Glands
-:- Parathyroid Glands - The Endocrine Glands
-:- Adrenal Glands - The Endocrine Glands
-:- Pineal Gland - The Endocrine Glands
-:- Endocrine Function of The Pancreas
-:- The Endocrine Function of the Kidneys
-:- The Endocrine Function of the Heart
-:- Thymus gland - The Endocrine Glands
-:- Digestive Tract - The Endocrine Glands
-:- The Endocrine Function of Adipose Tissue
-:- Age-Related Changes in the Endocrine System
-:- Endocrine System and Massage

Reproductive System


-:- Genetic Sex
-:- Fetal Development
-:- Puberty
-:- Testis - Male Reproductive System
-:- The Vas Deferens - Male Reproductive System
-:- Accessory Glands - Male Reproductive System
-:- Semen - Male Reproductive System
-:- Penis - Male Reproductive System
-:- Endocrine Function of the Testis
-:- Ovaries - Female Reproductive System
-:- The Uterine Tubes (Fallopiantubes; Oviduct) - Female Reproductive System
-:- The Uterus - Female Reproductive System
-:- The Vagina - Female Reproductive System
-:- The External Genitalia - Female Reproductive System
-:- The Menstrual Cycle - Female Reproductive System
-:- The Physiology of Sexual Intercourse (In Brief) - Female Reproductive System
-:- Contraception (Strategiesfor Birth Control) - Female Reproductive System
-:- Development of The Fetus
-:- Maternal Changes in Pregnancy
-:- Labor - Pregnancy
-:- Lactation - Pregnancy
-:- Age-Related Changes in the Reproductive System
-:- Massage and the Reproductive System

Cardiovascular System


-:- Blood
-:- Formation of Blood Cells
-:- Red Blood Cells
-:- Blood Types
-:- White Blood Cells (Leukocytes)
-:- Platelets
-:- Hemostasis - Blood
-:- The Clotting Mechanism - Blood
-:- Anticlotting Mechanisms - Blood
-:- Plasma - Blood
-:- An Overview of Circulation in Heart
-:- The Heart: Structure and Function
-:- Cardiac Centers, Innervation of the Heart, and Factors Affecting Heart Rate
-:- Blood Supply to the Heart
-:- Cardiac Cycle - The Heart
-:- Apex Beat, Arterial Pulse, Venous Pulse - The Heart
-:- Factors Affecting Cardiac Output
-:- Blood Vessels and Circulation
-:- Structure And Function of Blood Vessels
-:- Capillaries - Structure And Function of Blood Vessels
-:- Venules and Veins - Structure And Function of Blood Vessels
-:- Volume in Blood Vessels
-:- Major Systemic Arteries
-:- Systemic Veins
-:- Dynamics of Blood Flow
-:- Regulation of the Cardiovascular System
-:- Compensatory Adjustment - Regulation of the Cardiovascular System
-:- Effect of Aging on the Cardiovascular System
-:- Massage and the Cardiovascular System

Lymphatic System


-:- Body Fluid Compartments
-:- The Lymphatic System
-:- Functions of the Lymphatic System
-:- Components of the Lymphatic System
-:- Drainage Route of Lymph
-:- Massage and the Lymphatic System
-:- Lymphatic System Immunity
-:- Nonspecific Immunity - Lymphatic System Immunity
-:- Specific Immunity - Lymphatic System Immunity
-:- Lymphocytes - Lymphatic System Immunity
-:- Immunization - Lymphatic System Immunity
-:- Abnormalities of the Immune System - Lymphatic System Immunity
-:- The Lymphatic System, Immunity, and Aging
-:- Basic Concepts of Health and Disease
-:- General Causes of Disease
-:- Infection and Infection Prevention
-:- Pathways of Infection
-:- Immunity and Massage

Respiratory System


-:- Function of the Respiratory System
-:- Upper Respiratory Tract - Anatomy of the Respiratory System
-:- Lower Respiratory Tract - Anatomy of the Respiratory System
-:- Anatomy of the Respiratory System
-:- The Pulmonary Circulation - Anatomy of the Respiratory System
-:- The Lungs - Anatomy of the Respiratory System
-:- The Pleura - Anatomy of the Respiratory System
-:- Mechanics of Respiration
-:- External Respiration
-:- Respiration Muscles
-:- Breathing Patterns, Respiratory Volumes, and Capacities
-:- Gas Exchange - Respiratory System
-:- Transport of Gases - Respiratory System
-:- Regulation of Respiration
-:- Effect of Exercise on the Respiratory System
-:- Effect of Cold on the Respiratory System
-:- Effect of Aging on the Respiratory System
-:- Respiratory System and Massage

Digestive System


-:- Functions of Gastrointestinal System
-:- Components of the Gastrointestinal System
-:- Wall of the Digestive Tract
-:- Peritoneum
-:- Movement in the Digestive Tract
-:- Factors Controlling Digestive Function
-:- An Overview of Nutrition
-:- Functions of Important Nutrients
-:- Regulation of Food Intake
-:- The Structure and Function of Individual Organs of the Digestive System
-:- Mouth and Associated Structures - Structure and Function of Digestive System
-:- Salivary Glands and Saliva - Structure and Function of Digestive System
-:- Pharynx, Esophagus - Structure and Function of Digestive System
-:- Stomach - Structure and Function of Digestive System
-:- Small Intestine - Structure and Function of Digestive System
-:- The Pancreas - Structure and Function of Digestive System
-:- The liver - Structure and Function of Digestive System
-:- Functions of the Liver
-:- Gallbladder - Structure and Function of Digestive System
-:- Absorption in the Small Intestine
-:- Large Intestine - Structure and Function of Digestive System
-:- Movement in the Colon and Defecation
-:- Digestion and Absorption of Food in the Gut
-:- Metabolism
-:- Basal Metabolic Rate
-:- Age-Related Changes in the Gastrointestinal System
-:- The Gastrointestinal System and Bodywork

Urinary System


-:- Functions of the Urinary System
-:- Components of the Urinary System
-:- The Kidneys
-:- Nephron - The Kidneys
-:- Urine Formation
-:- Composition of Urine
-:- Transportation and Elimination of Urine
-:- Urination or Micturition
-:- Age-Related Changes in the Genitourinary System
-:- Bodyworkers and the Urinary System