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Modern Medical Toxicology -

Modern Medical Toxicology

General Principles

Introduction


-:- Epidemiology of Poisoning
-:- Historical Overview - Toxicology
-:- Poison Control Centres
-:- Mortality from Poisoning
-:- Poisoning Severity Score

Diagnosis of Poisoning


-:- Diagnosis of Poisoning

General Management of Poisoning


-:- General Management of Poisoning
-:- Stabilisation: Assessment - General Management of Poisoning
-:- Stabilisation: Management - General Management of Poisoning
-:- Evaluation - General Management of Poisoning
-:- Decontamination - General Management of Poisoning
-:- Elimination - General Management of Poisoning
-:- Antidote Administration - General Management of Poisoning
-:- Nursing and Psychiatric Care - General Management of Poisoning

Medicolegal Aspects of Poisoning


-:- Medicolegal Duties of a Doctor in Suspected/Actual Poisoning
-:- Indian Statutes on Drugs/Poisons
-:- Toxicology and the Criminal Law
-:- Medicolegal Problems Involving Consent
-:- Toxicology and the Workmen’s Compensation Act
-:- Postmortem Examination in a Case of Poisoning
-:- Chemical Analysis - Medicolegal Aspects of Poisoning
-:- Histopathological Examination

Corrosive or Caustic Poisons

Mineral Acids Inorganic Acids


-:- Caustics - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Acids - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Sulfuric Acid - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Nitric Acid - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Hydrochloric Acid - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Hydrofluoric Acid - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Phosphoric Acid - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Boric Acid - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Chromic Acid - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons

Organic Acids


-:- Acetic Acid - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Formic Acid - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Carbolic Acid - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Oxalic Acid - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons

Alkalis and Other Caustics


-:- Alkalis - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Potassium Permanganate - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Iodine - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Hydrogen Peroxide - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons
-:- Cetrimide - Corrosive(Caustic) Poisons

Chemical Poisons

Non Metallic Chemical Poisons


-:- Phosphorus - Chemical Poisons
-:- Phosphine - Chemical Poisons
-:- Aluminium Phosphide - Chemical Poisons
-:- Zinc Phosphide - Chemical Poisons
-:- Chlorine - Chemical Poisons
-:- Bromine - Chemical Poisons
-:- Fluorine - Chemical Poisons

Heavy Metals


-:- Arsenic - Chemical Poisons
-:- Lead - Chemical Poisons
-:- Lead - Chemical Poisons: Diagnosis
-:- Lead - Chemical Poisons: Treatment
-:- Lead - Chemical Poisons: Forensic Issues
-:- Mercury - Chemical Poisons
-:- Iron - Chemical Poisons
-:- Copper - Chemical Poisons
-:- Antimony - Chemical Poisons
-:- Barium - Chemical Poisons
-:- Cadmium - Chemical Poisons
-:- Cobalt - Chemical Poisons
-:- Lithium - Chemical Poisons
-:- Magnesium - Chemical Poisons
-:- Manganese - Chemical Poisons
-:- Potassium (Kalium) - Chemical Poisons
-:- Thallium - Chemical Poisons
-:- Metal Fume Fever - Chemical Poisons

Organic Poisons Toxins

Irritant Plants


-:- Irritant Plants
-:- Classification of Irritant Plants
-:- Oropharyngeal Irritant Plants
-:- Dumbcane - Oropharyngeal Irritant Plants
-:- Philodendron - Oropharyngeal Irritant Plants
-:- Castor - Gastric Irritant Plants
-:- Colocynth(Citrullus colocynthis) - Gastric Irritant Plants
-:- Croton(Croton tiglium) - Gastric Irritant Plants
-:- Glory Lily(Gloriosa superba) - Gastric Irritant Plants
-:- Marking Nut(Semecarpus anacardium) - Gastric Irritant Plants
-:- Mayapple (May Apple) - Gastric Irritant Plants
-:- Red Pepper - Gastric Irritant Plants
-:- Rosary Pea - Gastric Irritant Plants
-:- Dermal Irritant Plants

Plants of Special Importance


-:- Neem - Hepatotoxic Plants
-:- Autumn Crocus(Colchicum autumnale)
-:- Oduvan - Organic Poisons (Toxins)
-:- Eucalyptus - Organic Poisons (Toxins)
-:- Physic Nut - Organic Poisons (Toxins)

Venomous Bites and Stings


-:- Snakes - Organic Poisons (Toxins)
-:- Classification of Snakes
-:- Identification of Venomous Snakes
-:- Common Indian Venomous Snakes
-:- Common Cobra - Organic Poisons (Toxins)
-:- Common Krait - Poisons (Toxins)
-:- Saw-scaled Viper - Poisons (Toxins)
-:- Russell’s Viper - Poisons (Toxins)
-:- King Cobra - Poisons (Toxins)
-:- Banded Krait - Poisons (Toxins)
-:- Pit Vipers - Poisons (Toxins)
-:- Coral Snakes - Poisons (Toxins)
-:- Sea Snakes - Poisons (Toxins)
-:- Snake Venom
-:- Snakebite: Epidemiology
-:- Snakebite: Clinical Features
-:- Diagnosis of Snakebite
-:- Treatment of Snakebite
-:- Prevention of Snakebite
-:- Forensic Issues in Snakebite
-:- Order Hymenoptera - Venomous Insects
-:- Order Scorpionida - Venomous Arachnids
-:- Order Aranea - Venomous Arachnids
-:- Brown Recluse - Venomous Arachnids
-:- Black Widow - Venomous Arachnids
-:- Wolf Spider - Venomous Arachnids
-:- Tarantula - Venomous Arachnids
-:- Ticks and Mites - Venomous Creature
-:- Centipedes - Venomous Creature
-:- Millipedes - Venomous Creature
-:- Marine Venomous Creatures
-:- General Treatment Measures for Cnidarian Stings

Neurotoxic Poisons

Somniferous Drugs


-:- Somniferous Drugs - Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Opium - Somniferous Drugs(Narcotics) Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Opium: Diagnosis, Treatment, Autopsy Features, Forensic Issues - Somniferous Drugs(Narcotics) Neurotoxic Poisons

Inebriants


-:- Alcohols - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Ethanol - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Ethanol: Clinical Features - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Ethanol: Diagnosis - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Ethanol: Autopsy Features, Forensic Issues - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Ethanol and cardiac health
-:- Methanol - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Isopropanol - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Ethylene Glycol - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Barbiturates - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Benzodiazepines - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Chloral Hydrate - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Paraldehyde - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Methaqualone - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Buspirone - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Zolpidem - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Zopiclone - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons

Deliriants


-:- Datura - Deliriant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Cannabis - Deliriant Neurotoxic Poisons

Stimulants


-:- Amphetamines - Stimulant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Designer Amphetamines - Stimulant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Cocaine - Stimulant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Cocaine: Clinical Features - Stimulant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Cocaine: Diagnosis, Treatment - Stimulant Neurotoxic Poisons
-:- Cocaine: Autopsy Features, Mediocosocial and Forensic Issues - Stimulant Neurotoxic Poisons

Anticonvulsants and Antiparkinsonian Drugs


-:- Classification of Anticonvulsant (Anti-Epileptic) Drug
-:- Phenytoin - Anticonvulsant (Anti-Epileptic) Drug
-:- Primidone - Anticonvulsant (Anti-Epileptic) Drug
-:- Carbamazepine - Anticonvulsant (Anti-Epileptic) Drug
-:- Valproic Acid - Anticonvulsant (Anti-Epileptic) Drug
-:- Gabapentin - Anticonvulsant (Anti-Epileptic) Drug
-:- Topiramate - Anticonvulsant (Anti-Epileptic) Drug
-:- Zonisamide - Anticonvulsant (Anti-Epileptic) Drug
-:- Antiparkinsonian Drugs
-:- Levodopa - Antiparkinsonian Drug
-:- Bromocriptine - Antiparkinsonian Drug
-:- Pergolide - Antiparkinsonian Drug
-:- Trihexiphenidyl - Antiparkinsonian Drug
-:- Benztropine - Antiparkinsonian Drug

Anaesthetics and Muscle Relaxants


-:- Anaesthetics Classification
-:- Nitrous Oxide - Inhalational Anaesthetics
-:- Halothane - Inhalational Anaesthetics
-:- Other Inhalational Anaesthetics
-:- Etomidate - Intravenous Anaesthetics
-:- Ketamine - Intravenous Anaesthetics
-:- Fentanyl and Droperidol - Intravenous Anaesthetics
-:- Propofol - Intravenous Anaesthetics
-:- Cocaine and Other Local Anaesthetics
-:- Muscle Relaxants
-:- Baclofen - Central Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
-:- Carisoprodol - Central Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
-:- Other Central Muscle Relaxants
-:- Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
-:- Orphenadrine - Muscle Relaxants
-:- Dantrolene - Muscle Relaxants
-:- Cyclobenzaprine - Muscle Relaxants

Drugs Used in Psychiatry


-:- Antipsychotics - Drugs Used in Psychiatry
-:- Classical Neuroleptics
-:- Dibenzodiazepines - Atypical Neuroleptics
-:- Benzisoxazoles - Atypical Neuroleptics
-:- Antidepressants
-:- Cyclic Antidepressants
-:- Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI) - Antidepressants
-:- Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) - Antidepressants
-:- Atypical Antidepressants
-:- Lithium - Anti-Manic Drugs
-:- Anti-Migraine Drugs
-:- Ergot Alkaloids - Anti-Migraine Drugs
-:- Sumatriptan - Anti-Migraine Drugs
-:- Tacrine - Drugs Used in Alzheimer’s Disease

Hallucinogens Psychedelic Drugs


-:- Hallucinogens (Psychedelic Drugs)
-:- Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD) - Hallucinogen(Psychedelic Drug)
-:- Phencyclidine - Hallucinogen(Psychedelic Drug)
-:- Dimethyltryptamine (DMT) - Hallucinogen(Psychedelic Drug)
-:- Mescaline - Hallucinogen(Psychedelic Drug)
-:- Inhalants (Glue Sniffing; Volatile Substance Abuse)

Spinal and Peripheral Neurotoxic Agents


-:- Strychnine - Spinal and Peripheral Neurotoxic Agents
-:- Poison Hemlock - Spinal and Peripheral Neurotoxic Agents
-:- Water Hemlock(Cicuta maculata.) - Spinal and Peripheral Neurotoxic Agents

Cardiovascular Poisons

Diurets Antihypertensives and Antiarrhythmics


-:- Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors - Diuret Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Osmotic Diuretics - Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Loop Diuretics - Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Thiazide Diuretics - Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Potassium Sparing Diuretics - Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Antihypertensives - Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Methyldopa - Sympatholytic Drug Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Clonidine - Sympatholytic Drug Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Ganglionic Blocking Agents - Sympatholytic Drug Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Adrenergic Neuron Blocking Agents - Sympatholytic Drug Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Reserpine - Sympatholytic Drug Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Beta Adrenergic Antagonists (Beta Blockers) - Sympatholytic Drug Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Alpha Adrenergic Antagonists (Alpha Blockers) - Sympatholytic Drug Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Vasodilators - Sympatholytic Drug Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Hydralazine - Sympatholytic Drug Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Minoxidil - Sympatholytic Drug Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Sodium Nitroprusside - Sympatholytic Drug Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Calcium Channel Blockers - Sympatholytic Drug Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACE Inhibitors) - Sympatholytic Drug Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists - Sympatholytic Drug Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Antiarrhythmics - Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Disopyramide - Antiarrhythmic Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Procainamide - Antiarrhythmic Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Lignocaine (Lidocaine) - Antiarrhythmic Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Mexiletine and Tocainide - Antiarrhythmic Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Propafenone (Fenopraine) - Antiarrhythmic Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Amiodarone - Antiarrhythmic Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Adenosine - Antiarrhythmic Cardiovascular Poison

Cardiac Drugs and Lipid Lowering Agents


-:- Drugs Used in Heart Failure
-:- Cardiac Glycosides - Cardiovascular Poisons
-:- Dopamine - Beta Adrenergic Receptor and Dopaminergic Receptor Agonists
-:- Dobutamine - Beta Adrenergic Receptor and Dopaminergic Receptor Agonists
-:- Amrinone (Inamrinone) - Cardiovascular Poisons
-:- Dipyridamole - Cardiovascular Poisons
-:- Anti-anginal Drugs - Cardiovascular Poisons
-:- Organic Nitrates - Cardiovascular Poisons
-:- HMG CoA Reductase Inhibitors - Cardiovascular Poisons
-:- Bile Acid Binding Resins
-:- Probucol - Cardiovascular Poisons
-:- Fibric Acid Derivatives - Cardiovascular Poisons

Anticoagulants and Related Drugs


-:- Anticoagulants
-:- Heparins and Low Molecular Weight Heparins - Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Oral Anticoagulants - Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Aprotinin - Antifibrinolytic Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Epsilon Aminocaproic Acid - Antifibrinolytic Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Hirudin - Antifibrinolytic Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Thrombolytics - Antifibrinolytic Cardiovascular Poison
-:- Antiplatelet Drugs - Antifibrinolytic Cardiovascular Poison

Cardiotoxic Plants


-:- Cardiotoxic Plants
-:- Aconite - Cardiotoxic Plant
-:- Common Oleander - Cardiotoxic Plant
-:- Yellow Oleander - Cardiotoxic Plant
-:- Suicide Tree - Cardiotoxic Plant

Asphyxiant Poisons

Toxic Gases


-:- Toxic Gases
-:- Carbon Dioxide - Simple Asphyxiant Poisons
-:- Aliphatic Hydrocarbon Gases - Simple Asphyxiant Poison
-:- Ammonia - Respiratory Irritants Asphyxiant Poison
-:- Formaldehyde - Respiratory Irritants Asphyxiant Poison
-:- Hydrogen Sulfide - Respiratory Irritants Asphyxiant Poison
-:- Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) - Respiratory Irritants Asphyxiant Poison
-:- Phosgene - Respiratory Irritants Asphyxiant Poison
-:- Carbon Monoxide - Systemic Asphyxiant Poison
-:- Cyanide - Systemic Asphyxiant Poison
-:- Smoke - Systemic Asphyxiant Poison

Hydrocarbons and Pesticides

Hydrocarbon


-:- Hydrocarbon
-:- Aliphatic Hydrocarbons
-:- Benzene - Aromatic Hydrocarbons
-:- Naphthalene - Aromatic Hydrocarbons
-:- Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
-:- Halogenated Hydrocarbons

Pesticides


-:- Pesticides
-:- Organophosphates (Organophosphorus Compounds) - Insecticides
-:- Carbamates - Insecticide
-:- Organochlorines - Insecticide
-:- Pyrethrins and Pyrethroids - Insecticide
-:- Rodenticides
-:- Paraquat and Diquat - Herbicides (Weedicides)
-:- Chlorophenoxy Compounds - Herbicides (Weedicides)
-:- Glyphosate - Herbicides (Weedicides)
-:- Thiocarbamates - Fungicides
-:- Ethylene dibromide - Nematicides
-:- Acaricides
-:- Metaldehyde - Molluscicides
-:- Forensic Issues (All Pesticides)

Miscellaneous Drugs and Poisons

Analgesics and Antihistamines


-:- Analgesics and Antihistamines
-:- Salicylates - Analgesic-Antipyretics
-:- Paracetamol - Analgesic-Antipyretics
-:- Paracetamol: Diagnosis, Treatment on Poisons - Analgesic-Antipyretics
-:- Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
-:- Pyrazolones - Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug(NSAID)
-:- Propionic Acids - Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug(NSAID)
-:- Fenamic Acids - Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug(NSAID)
-:- Heterocyclic Acetic Acids - Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug(NSAID)
-:- Aryl Acetic Acids - Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug(NSAID)
-:- Oxicams - Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug(NSAID)
-:- Nimesulide - Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug(NSAID)
-:- Cox-2 Inhibitors - Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug(NSAID)
-:- Antihistamines
-:- H1 Receptor Antagonists (Classical Antihistamines)
-:- H2 Receptor Antagonists
-:- 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) Antagonists

Anti Infectives


-:- Antimicrobial Agents
-:- Antiprotozoal Agents
-:- Antibacterials - Antimicrobials
-:- Quinolones - Antimicrobials
-:- Penicillins - Antimicrobials
-:- Cephalosporines - Antimicrobials
-:- Aminoglycosides - Antimicrobials
-:- Tetracyclines - Antimicrobials
-:- Chloramphenicol - Antimicrobials
-:- Macrolides - Antimicrobials
-:- Anti-tubercular Drugs - Antimicrobials
-:- Antileprotic Drugs - Antimicrobials
-:- Other Antibacterial Drugs
-:- Antiherpesvirus Agents
-:- Antiretroviral Agents
-:- Other Antiviral Agents
-:- Amphotericin B - Antifungals
-:- Flucytosine - Antifungal
-:- Imidazoles - Antifungal
-:- Griseofulvin - Antifungal
-:- Antimalarials - Antiprotozoal Agent
-:- Chloroguanide (Proguanil) - Antifungal
-:- Primaquine - Antifungal
-:- Quinine and Quinidine - Antifungal
-:- Chloroquine and Amodiaquine - Antifungal
-:- Mefloquine, Halofantrine, Endoperoxidases, Pyrimethamine, Mepacrine - Antimalarial Drugs
-:- Antiamoebics - Anti-Infectives
-:- Antihelminthics (Anthelmintics)
-:- Autopsy Features (Anti-infective Overdose Deaths)
-:- Forensic Issues (Anti-infectives)

Gastrointestinal and Endocrinal Drugs


-:- Antacids and Anti-ulcer Drugs
-:- Laxatives - Gastrointestinal Drugs
-:- Antidiarrhoeals
-:- Antiemetics - Antiemetics and Prokinetic Drug
-:- Prokinetic Drugs - Antiemetics and Prokinetic Drug
-:- Bile Acids and Pancreatic Enzymes - Antiemetics and Prokinetic Drug
-:- Anterior Pituitary Hormones - Endocrinal Drug
-:- Thyroid and Antithyroid Drugs - Endocrinal Drug
-:- Antithyroid Drugs - Endocrinal Drug
-:- Oestrogens - Endocrinal Drug
-:- Anti-oestrogens
-:- Progestins - Endocrinal Drug
-:- Anti-progestins
-:- Androgens (Anabolic Steroids)
-:- Anti-androgens
-:- Adrenocorticotropic Hormone and Corticosteroids - Endocrinal Drug
-:- Insulin
-:- Oral Hypoglycaemics
-:- Sulfonylureas - Oral Hypoglycaemics
-:- Biguanides - Oral Hypoglycaemics
-:- Other Hypoglycaemics
-:- Anti-Asthmatic Drugs
-:- Corticosteroids - Anti-inflammatory Drugs
-:- Catecholamines
-:- Immunomodulators
-:- Immunostimulants
-:- Antineoplastic Agents
-:- Antimetabolites
-:- Drugs Acting on the Uterus
-:- Radiocontrast Agents
-:- Sildenafil - Drugs Used in the Treatment of Impotence

Food Poisons

Food Poisoning


-:- Causes and Diagnosis of Food Poisoning
-:- General Treatment Measures of Food Poisoning
-:- Prevention of Food Poisoning
-:- Bacillus cereus - Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Staphylococcus aureus - Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Salmonella - Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Shigella - Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Vibrio - Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Escherichia coli - Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Campylobacter - Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Yersinia enterocolitica - Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Listeria monocytogenes - Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Clostridium Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Clostridium perfringens - Clostridium Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Clostridium botulinum - Clostridium Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Clinical Features - Clostridium Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Diagnosis - Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Treatment - Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Prevention of Botulism - Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Forensic Issues - Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Viruses - Food Poisoning
-:- Protozoa - Microbial Food Poisoning
-:- Parasites - Food Poisoning
-:- Fungi: Mushrooms - Food Poisoning
-:- Fungi: Aflatoxins - Food Poisoning
-:- Fungi: Trichothecenes - Food Poisoning
-:- Cyanogenic Plants - Food Poisoning
-:- Sweet Pea - Food Poisoning
-:- Prickly Poppy - Food Poisoning
-:- Fish - Food Poisoning
-:- Scombroid Poisoning (Histamine Fish Poisoning)
-:- Ciguatera Fish Poisoning
-:- Tetrodotoxic Poisoning
-:- Shellfish Poisoning
-:- Chemicals: Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) - Food Poisoning

Substance Abuse

Substances of Dependence and Abuse


-:- Substances of Dependence and Abuse
-:- Classification - Substances of Dependence and Abuse
-:- Tobacco - Substances of Dependence and Abuse
-:- Cocaine - Substances of Dependence and Abuse
-:- Cocaine: Diagnosis, Treatment - Substances of Dependence and Abuse
-:- Cannabis - Substances of Dependence and Abuse
-:- Amphetamines - Substances of Dependence and Abuse
-:- Designer Drugs - Substances of Dependence and Abuse
-:- Hallucinogens (Psychedelics, Psychotomimetics) - Substances of Dependence and Abuse
-:- Inhalants (“Glue Sniffing”,Volatile Substance Abuse, Inhalant-related Disorders)

Analytical Toxicology

Biochemical and Haematological Tests


-:- Analytical Toxicology: Biochemical and Haematological Tests
-:- Biochemical Tests - Analytical Toxicology
-:- Haematological Tests - Analytical Toxicology

Analytical Instrumentation


-:- Analytical Methods Used In Toxicology
-:- Qualitative Tests - Analytical Toxicology Instrumentation
-:- Quantitative Assays - Analytical Toxicology Instrumentation
-:- Applications of High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)