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Modern Analytical Chemistry -

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Modern Analytical Chemistry
-:- Modern Analytical Chemistry: Introduction
-:- What Is Analytical Chemistry?
-:- The Analytical Perspective
-:- Common Analytical Problems
-:- Numbers in Analytical Chemistry
-:- Units for Expressing Concentration
-:- Stoichiometric Calculations
-:- Basic Equipment and Instrumentation of Analytical Chemistry
-:- Preparing Solutions of Analytical Chemistry
-:- Analytical Chemistry: The Laboratory Notebook
-:- Language of Analytical Chemistry
-:- Language of Analytical Chemistry: Analysis, Determination, and Measurement
-:- Language of Analytical Chemistry: Techniques, Methods, Procedures, and Protocols
-:- Classifying Analytical Techniques
-:- Selecting an Analytical Method
-:- Language of Analytical Chemistry: Developing the Procedure
-:- Language of Analytical Chemistry: Protocols
-:- The Importance of Analytical Methodology
-:- Evaluating Analytical Data
-:- Characterizing Measurements and Results
-:- Analytical Data: Characterizing Experimental Errors
-:- Propagation of Uncertainty
-:- The Distribution of Measurements and Results
-:- Statistical Analysis of Data
-:- Statistical Methods for Normal Distributions
-:- Detection Limits
-:- Calibrations, Standardizations, and Blank Corrections
-:- Calibrating Signals
-:- Standardizing Methods
-:- Reagents Used as Standards
-:- Standardizing Methods: Single-Point versus Multiple-Point Standardizations
-:- Standardizing Methods: External Standards
-:- Standardizing Methods: Standard Additions
-:- Standardizing Methods: Internal Standards
-:- Linear Regression and Calibration Curves
-:- Blank Corrections
-:- Equilibrium Chemistry
-:- Reversible Reactions and Chemical Equilibria
-:- Thermodynamics and Equilibrium Chemistry
-:- Manipulating Equilibrium Constants
-:- Equilibrium Constants for Chemical Reactions
-:- Equilibrium Constants for Precipitation Reactions
-:- Equilibrium Constants for Acid–Base Reactions
-:- Equilibrium Constants for Complexation Reactions
-:- Equilibrium Constants for Oxidation–Reduction Reactions
-:- Le Chatelier’s Principle
-:- Ladder Diagrams
-:- Ladder Diagrams for Acid–Base Equilibria
-:- Ladder Diagrams for Complexation Equilibria
-:- Ladder Diagram for Oxidation–Reduction Equilibria
-:- Solving Equilibrium Problems
-:- A Simple Problem: Solubility of Pb(IO3)2 in Water
-:- A More Complex Problem: The Common Ion Effect
-:- Systematic Approach to Solving Equilibrium Problems
-:- Solving Equilibrium Problems: pH of a Monoprotic Weak Acid
-:- Solving Equilibrium Problems: pH of a Polyprotic Acid or Base
-:- Effect of Complexation on Solubility
-:- Buffer Solutions
-:- Activity Effects
-:- Two Final Thoughts About Equilibrium Chemistry
-:- Obtaining and Preparing Samples for Analysis
-:- The Importance of Sampling
-:- Designing A Sampling Plan
-:- Where to Sample the Target Population
-:- What Type of Sample to Collect
-:- How Much Sample to Collect
-:- How Many Samples to Collect
-:- Minimizing the Overall Variance
-:- Implementing the Sampling Plan
-:- Implementing the Sampling Plan: Solutions
-:- Implementing the Sampling Plan: Gases
-:- Implementing the Sampling Plan: Solids
-:- Separating the Analyte from Interferents
-:- General Theory of Separation Efficiency
-:- Classifying Separation Techniques
-:- Classifying Separation Techniques: Separations Based on Size
-:- Classifying Separation Techniques: Separations Based on Mass or Density
-:- Classifying Separation Techniques: Separations Based on Complexation Reactions (Masking)
-:- Classifying Separation Techniques: Separations Based on a Change of State
-:- Classifying Separation Techniques: Separations Based on a Partitioning Between Phases
-:- Liquid–Liquid Extractions
-:- Separation Versus Preconcentration
-:- Overview of Gravimetry
-:- Precipitation Gravimetry
-:- Theory and Practice of Precipitation Gravimetry: Solubility Considerations
-:- Theory and Practice of Precipitation Gravimetry: Avoiding Impurities
-:- Theory and Practice of Precipitation Gravimetry: Occlusions
-:- Theory and Practice of Precipitation Gravimetry: Controlling Particle Size
-:- Theory and Practice of Precipitation Gravimetry: Filtering the Precipitate
-:- Theory and Practice of Precipitation Gravimetry: Rinsing the Precipitate
-:- Theory and Practice of Precipitation Gravimetry: Drying the Precipitate
-:- Theory and Practice of Precipitation Gravimetry: Composition of Final Precipitate
-:- Theory and Practice of Precipitation Gravimetry: Representative Method
-:- Precipitation Gravimetry: Quantitative Applications
-:- Precipitation Gravimetry: Qualitative Applications
-:- Precipitation Gravimetry: Evaluating Precipitation Gravimetry
-:- Volatilization Gravimetry
-:- Volatilization Gravimetry: Theory and Practice
-:- Volatilization Gravimetry: Quantitative Applications
-:- Evaluating Volatilization Gravimetry
-:- Particulate Gravimetry
-:- Particulate Gravimetry: Theory and Practice
-:- Particulate Gravimetry: Quantitative Applications
-:- Particulate Gravimetry: Evaluating Particulate Gravimetry
-:- Titrimetric Methods of Analysis
-:- Overview of Titrimetry
-:- Titrations Based on Acid–Base Reactions
-:- Acid–Base Titration Curves
-:- Selecting and Evaluating the End Point - Titrations Based on Acid–Base Reactions
-:- Titrations in Nonaqueous Solvents
-:- Titrations Based on Acid–Base Reactions: Representative Method
-:- Titrations Based on Acid–Base Reactions: Quantitative Applications
-:- Titrations Based on Acid–Base Reactions: Qualitative Applications
-:- Titrations Based on Acid–Base Reactions: Characterization Applications
-:- Evaluation of Acid–Base Titrimetry
-:- Titrations Based on Complexation Reactions
-:- Chemistry and Properties of EDTA
-:- Complexometric EDTA Titration Curves
-:- Selecting and Evaluating the End Point - Titrations Based on Complexation Reactions
-:- Representative Method - Titrations Based on Complexation Reactions
-:- Quantitative Applications - Titrations Based on Complexation Reactions
-:- Evaluation of Complexation Titrimetry
-:- Titrations Based on Redox Reactions
-:- Redox Titration Curves
-:- Selecting and Evaluating the End Point - Titrations Based on Redox Reactions
-:- Representative Method - Titrations Based on Redox Reactions
-:- Quantitative Applications - Titrations Based on Redox Reactions
-:- Evaluation of Redox Titrimetry
-:- Precipitation Titrations
-:- Precipitation Titration Curves
-:- Selecting and Evaluating the End Point - Precipitation Titrations
-:- Quantitative Applications - Precipitation Titration
-:- Evaluation of Precipitation Titrimetry - Precipitation Titration
-:- Spectroscopic Methods of Analysis
-:- Overview of Spectroscopy
-:- Basic Components of Spectroscopic Instrumentation
-:- Spectroscopy Based on Absorption
-:- Absorbance of Electromagnetic Radiation - Spectroscopy Based on Absorption
-:- Transmittance and Absorbance - Spectroscopy Based on Absorption
-:- Absorbance and Concentration: Beer’s Law
-:- Limitations to Beer’s Law
-:- Ultraviolet-Visible and Infrared Spectrophotometry
-:- Instrument Designs for Molecular UV/Vis Absorption - Ultraviolet-Visible and Infrared Spectrophotometry
-:- Instrument Designs for Infrared Absorption - Ultraviolet-Visible and Infrared Spectrophotometry
-:- Quantitative Applications - Ultraviolet-Visible and Infrared Spectrophotometry
-:- Qualitative Applications - Ultraviolet-Visible and Infrared Spectrophotometry
-:- Characterization Applications - Ultraviolet-Visible and Infrared Spectrophotometry
-:- Evaluation - Ultraviolet-Visible and Infrared Spectrophotometry
-:- Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
-:- Instrumentation - Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
-:- Quantitative Applications - Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
-:- Evaluation - Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy
-:- Spectroscopy Based on Emission
-:- Molecular Photoluminescence Spectroscopy
-:- Molecular Fluorescence and Phosphorescence Spectra - Molecular Photoluminescence Spectroscopy
-:- Instrumentation - Molecular Photoluminescence Spectroscopy
-:- Quantitative Applications Using Molecular Luminescence
-:- Evaluation - Molecular Photoluminescence Spectroscopy
-:- Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
-:- Atomic Emission Spectra - Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
-:- Equipment - Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
-:- Quantitative Applications - Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
-:- Evaluation - Atomic Emission Spectroscopy
-:- Spectroscopy Based on Scattering
-:- Classification of Electrochemical Methods
-:- Potentiometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Potentiometric Measurements - Potentiometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Reference Electrodes - Potentiometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Metallic Indicator Electrodes - Potentiometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Membrane Electrodes - Potentiometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Membrane Potentials - Potentiometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Selectivity of Membranes - Potentiometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Glass Ion-Selective Electrodes - Potentiometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Crystalline Solid-State Ion-Selective Electrodes - Potentiometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Liquid-Based Ion-Selective Electrodes - Potentiometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Gas-Sensing Electrodes - Potentiometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Potentiometric Biosensors - Potentiometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Quantitative Applications - Potentiometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Evaluation - Potentiometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Coulometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Controlled-Potential Coulometry
-:- Controlled-Current Coulometry
-:- Quantitative Applications - Coulometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Characterization Applications - Coulometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Evaluation - Coulometric Methods of Analysis
-:- Voltammetric Methods of Analysis
-:- Voltammetric Measurements
-:- Current in Voltammetry
-:- Shape of Voltammograms
-:- Quantitative and Qualitative Aspects of Voltammetry
-:- Voltammetric Techniques
-:- Quantitative Applications - Voltammetric Methods of Analysis
-:- Characterization Applications - Voltammetric Methods of Analysis
-:- Evaluation - Voltammetric Methods of Analysis
-:- Overview of Analytical Separations
-:- General Theory of Column Chromatography
-:- Chromatographic Resolution - Theory of Column Chromatography
-:- Capacity Factor - Theory of Column Chromatography
-:- Column Selectivity - Theory of Column Chromatography
-:- Column Efficiency - Theory of Column Chromatography
-:- Peak Capacity - Theory of Column Chromatography
-:- Nonideal Behavior - Theory of Column Chromatography
-:- Optimizing Chromatographic Separations
-:- Optimizing Chromatographic Separations Using the Capacity Factor to Optimize Resolution
-:- Optimizing Chromatographic Separations Using Column Selectivity to Optimize Resolution
-:- Optimizing Chromatographic Separations Using Column Efficiency to Optimize Resolution
-:- Gas Chromatography: Mobile Phase
-:- Gas Chromatography: Chromatographic Columns
-:- Gas Chromatography: Stationary Phases
-:- Gas Chromatography: Sample Introduction
-:- Gas Chromatography: Temperature Control
-:- Gas Chromatography: Detectors for Gas Chromatography
-:- Gas Chromatography: Quantitative Applications
-:- Gas Chromatography: Qualitative Applications
-:- Gas Chromatography: Representative Method
-:- Gas Chromatography: Evaluation
-:- High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
-:- High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Columns
-:- High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC): Stationary Phases
-:- High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC): Mobile Phases
-:- High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Plumbing
-:- High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC): Sample Introduction
-:- High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC): Detectors for HPLC
-:- High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC): Quantitative Applications and Representative Method
-:- High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC): Evaluation
-:- Liquid–Solid Adsorption Chromatography
-:- Ion-Exchange Chromatography
-:- Size-Exclusion Chromatography
-:- Supercritical Fluid Chromatography
-:- Electrophoresis
-:- Theory of Capillary Electrophoresis
-:- Electrophoresis: Instrumentation
-:- Capillary Electrophoresis Methods
-:- Electrophoresis: Representative Method and Evaluation
-:- Kinetic Methods of Analysis
-:- Methods Based on Chemical Kinetics
-:- Methods Based on Chemical Kinetics: Theory and Practice
-:- Methods Based on Chemical Kinetics: Instrumentation
-:- Methods Based on Chemical Kinetics: Quantitative Applications
-:- Methods Based on Chemical Kinetics: Characterization Applications
-:- Evaluation of Chemical Kinetic Methods
-:- Radiochemical Methods of Analysis
-:- Radiochemical Methods of Analysis: Theory and Practice
-:- Radiochemical Methods of Analysis: Instrumentation
-:- Radiochemical Methods of Analysis: Quantitative Applications
-:- Radiochemical Methods of Analysis: Characterization Applications
-:- Radiochemical Methods of Analysis: Evaluation
-:- Flow Injection Analysis
-:- Flow Injection Analysis: Theory and Practice
-:- Flow Injection Analysis: Instrumentation
-:- Flow Injection Analysis: Quantitative Applications
-:- Flow Injection Analysis: Evaluation
-:- Developing a Standard Method
-:- Optimizing the Experimental Procedure
-:- Optimizing the Experimental Procedure: Response Surfaces
-:- Searching Algorithms for Response Surfaces
-:- Mathematical Models of Response Surfaces
-:- Verifying the Method
-:- Validating the Method as a Standard Method
-:- Two-Sample Collaborative Testing
-:- Collaborative Testing and Analysis of Variance
-:- What Is a Reasonable Result for a Collaborative Study?
-:- Uality Assurance
-:- Quality Control
-:- Quality Assessment
-:- Evaluating Quality Assurance Data: Prescriptive Approach
-:- Evaluating Quality Assurance Data: Performance-Based Approach