Go to All Subject -

Microbiology and Immunology -

Microbiology and Immunology

General Microbiology History of Microbiology


-:- History of Microbiology
-:- Historical Background of Microbiology
-:- Microorganisms as a Cause of Disease
-:- Study of Viruses
-:- Phenomenon of Immunity
-:- Specificity of the Antibody Molecule
-:- Chemotherapeutic Agents

Morphology and Physiology of Bacteria


-:- Morphology and Physiology of Bacteria
-:- Size of Bacteria
-:- Microscopy and Types of Microscopy
-:- Light microscopy
-:- Fluorescence microscopy
-:- Electron microscopy
-:- Study of Bacteria
-:- Staining Methods used in diagnostic microbiology
-:- Shape of Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall - Structure and Functions of Bacterial Cell Envelope
-:- Cell Membrane - Structure and Functions of Bacterial Cell Envelope
-:- Cytoplasm - Structure and Functions of Bacterial Cell Envelope
-:- Nucleus - Structure and Functions of Bacterial Cell Envelope
-:- Capsule and Slime Layer - Structure and Functions of Bacterial Cell Envelope
-:- Surface Appendages - Structure and Functions of Bacterial Cell Envelope
-:- Sporulation - Structure and Functions of Bacterial Cell Envelope
-:- Growth and Multiplication of Bacteria
-:- Bacterial Count
-:- Bacterial Growth Curve
-:- Factors Affecting Growth of Bacteria
-:- Bacterial Nutrition

Sterilizationand Disinfection


-:- Definition of Frequently Used Terms in Sterilizationand Disinfection
-:- Sterilization
-:- Physical Methods of Sterilization
-:- Chemical Methods of Sterilization
-:- Sterilization by moist heat
-:- Sterilization by dry heat
-:- Disinfection
-:- Properties of Ideal Disinfectant
-:- Action of Disinfectants
-:- Factors Influencing Activity of Disinfectants
-:- Types of Disinfectants
-:- Testing of Disinfectants

Culture Media


-:- Culture Media
-:- Ingredients of Culture Media
-:- Types of Culture Media

Culture Methods


-:- Culture Methods
-:- Methods of Culture
-:- Anaerobic Culture: Specimen, Culture Media, Methods

Laboratory Identification of Bacteria and Taxonomy


-:- Identification of Bacteria
-:- Biochemical Reactions - Identification of Bacteria
-:- Typing of Bacterial Strains
-:- Bacterial Taxonomy
-:- Bacterial Classification
-:- Nomenclature of Microorganisms

Bacterial Genetics


-:- Bacterial Genetics
-:- Chromosomal Substances - Bacterial Genetics
-:- Mutations
-:- Extrachromosomal DNA Substances
-:- Transfer of DNA Within Bacterial Cells
-:- Transfer of DNA Between Bacterial Cells

Genetic Engineering and Molecular Methods


-:- DNA: An Amazing Molecule
-:- Genetic Engineering
-:- Nucleic Acid Probes
-:- Polymerase Chain Reaction
-:- Recombinant DNA Technology - Microbiology and Immunology
-:- Genetically Modified Organisms
-:- Gene Therapy

Antimicrobial Agents Therapy and Resistance


-:- Antimicrobial Agents Therapy and Resistance
-:- Mechanisms of Action of Antimicrobial Drugs
-:- Mechanisms of Antibiotic Resistance - Resistance to Antimicrobial Drugs
-:- Nongenetic and Genetic Basis of Resistance
-:- Specific Mechanisms of Resistance
-:- Antibiotic Sensitivity Testing
-:- Antibacterial Assays in Body Fluids

Microbial Pathogenesis


-:- Microbial Pathogenesis: Introduction
-:- Types of Microorganisms
-:- Infection and Types of Infections
-:- Stages of Pathogenesis of Infections
-:- Transmission of Infection - Stages of Pathogenesis of Infections
-:- Entry of Organisms and Evasion of Local Defenses - Stages of Pathogenesis of Infections
-:- Adherence to Cell Surfaces - Stages of Pathogenesis of Infections
-:- Growth and Multiplication of Bacteria at the Site of Adherence - Stages of Pathogenesis of Infections
-:- Manifestations and Termination of Disease - Stages of Pathogenesis of Infections
-:- Stages of an Infectious Disease

Immunity


-:- Immunity
-:- Types of Immunity
-:- Innate Immunity
-:- Factors influencing innate immunity
-:- Mechanisms of innate immunity
-:- Mediators of inflammatory reactions
-:- Adaptive (Acquired) Immunity and its Types

Antigen


-:- Antigen: Introduction
-:- Determinants of Antigenicity
-:- Antigenic Specificity: Epitopes
-:- Species Specificity - Antigen
-:- Isospecificity - Antigen
-:- Autospecificity - Antigen
-:- Organ Specificity - Antigen
-:- Heterophile Specificity - Antigen
-:- Haptens
-:- Superantigens

Antibodies


-:- Antibodies: Introduction
-:- Structure of Immunoglobulins
-:- Treatment of Immunoglobulins with Proteolytic Enzymes
-:- Immunoglobulin Antigen Determinants
-:- Biosynthesis of Immunoglobulins
-:- Metabolism of Immunoglobulins
-:- Immunoglobulin Classes
-:- Abnormal Immunoglobulins

Antigen Antibody Reactions


-:- General Features of Antigen-Antibody Reactions
-:- Stages of Antigen-Antibody Reactions
-:- Types of Antigen-Antibody Reactions
-:- Precipitation - Antigen Antibody Reactions
-:- Types of precipitation reactions - Antigen Antibody Reactions
-:- Agglutination - Antigen Antibody Reactions
-:- Types of agglutination reactions: Direct, Passive - Antigen Antibody Reactions
-:- Complement Dependent Serological Tests - Antigen Antibody Reactions
-:- Neutralization Tests - Antigen Antibody Reactions
-:- Opsonization - Antigen Antibody Reactions
-:- Immunofluorescence - Antigen Antibody Reactions
-:- Enzyme Immunoassays - Antigen Antibody Reactions
-:- Radioimmunoassay - Antigen Antibody Reactions
-:- Western Blotting - Antigen Antibody Reactions
-:- Chemiluminescence Assay - Antigen Antibody Reactions
-:- Immunoelectronmicroscopic Tests - Antigen Antibody Reactions

Complement System


-:- Complement System
-:- Activation of Complement
-:- Regulation of Complement System
-:- Biological Effects of Complement
-:- Deficiency of Complement
-:- Biosynthesis of Complement
-:- Quantitation of Complement

Structure and Function Imune System


-:- Structure and Function Imune System: Introduction
-:- Lymphoid Tissues and Organs
-:- Lymphatic Circulatory System
-:- Cells of the Lymphoreticular System
-:- Thymus-derived cells
-:- Bone marrow-derived cells
-:- Antigen-presenting cells
-:- Effector cells that function to eliminate antigens
-:- Major Histocompatibility Complex

Immune Response


-:- Humoral Immunity
-:- Production of Antibodies
-:- Theories of antibody formation
-:- Factors affecting production of antibodies
-:- Immunosuppressive agents
-:- Monoclonal Antibodies and Method of production
-:- Function of Antibodies
-:- Cell-Mediated Immunity
-:- Induction of CMI
-:- Cytokines and Categories of cytokines
-:- Tests for Detection of CMI
-:- Transfer Factor
-:- Immunological Tolerance
-:- Mechanisms of Tolerance
-:- Types of Immune Tolerance

Immunodeficiency


-:- Immunodeficiency: Introduction
-:- Primary Immunodeficiencies
-:- B-Cell Immunodeficiencies
-:- T-Cell Immunodeficiencies
-:- Combined B-Cell and T-Cell Deficiencies
-:- Complement Immunodeficiencies
-:- Phagocyte Deficiencies
-:- Secondary Immunodeficiencies
-:- B-Cell Deficiencies
-:- T-Cell Deficiencies
-:- Complement Deficiencies

Hypersensitivity


-:- Hypersensitivity: Introduction
-:- Type I (Anaphylactic) Hypersensitivity
-:- Type II (Cytotoxic) Hypersensitivity
-:- Type III (Immune-Complex) Hypersensitivity
-:- Type IV Delayed (Cell-Mediated) Hypersensitivity
-:- Type V (Stimulatory Type) Hypersensitivity
-:- Types of DTH(delayed type hyper-sensitivity) Reactions
-:- Mechanism of DTH(delayed type hyper-sensitivity)
-:- Immune-Complex Diseases

Autoimmunity


-:- Autoimmunity
-:- Tolerance and Mechanisms of Tolerance
-:- Pathogenesis of Autoimmunity
-:- Mechanisms in Pathogenesis of Autoimmunity
-:- Autoimmune Pathological Process
-:- Animal Models of Autoimmunity
-:- Autoimmune Diseases

Immunology of Transplantation and Malignancy


-:- Transplant Immunology and Types of Transplants
-:- Allograft Rejection - Transplant Immunology
-:- Graft-Versus-Host Reaction - Transplant Immunology
-:- Tumor Immunology
-:- Features of Malignant Cells
-:- Tumor Antigens
-:- Immune Reactions against Tumors
-:- Immunosurveillance
-:- Immunotherapy of Cancer

Immunohematology


-:- ABO Blood Group System and Antigens
-:- Rh Blood Group System and Antigens
-:- Blood Transfusion
-:- Hemolytic Disease of Newborn (Erythroblastosis Fetalis)
-:- ABO Hemolytic Diseases

Bacteriology Staphylococcus


-:- Staphylococcus
-:- Staphylococcus aureus
-:- Properties of the Bacteria - Staphylococcus aureus
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Staphylococcus aureus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Staphylococcus aureus
-:- Clinical Syndromes of Staphylococcus aureus
-:- Epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus
-:- Laboratory diagnosis of staphylococcal infections - Staphylococcus aureus
-:- Treatment of staphylococcal infection - Staphylococcus aureus
-:- Prevention and Control of staphylococcal infection - Staphylococcus aureus
-:- Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci
-:- Micrococcus, Planococcus, Stomatococcus - Staphylococcus

Bacteriology Streptococcus and Enterococcus


-:- Streptococcus
-:- Streptococcus pyogenes
-:- Properties of the Bacteria - Streptococcus pyogenes
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Streptococcus pyogenes
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Streptococcus pyogenes
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Streptococcus pyogenes
-:- Epidemiology - Streptococcus pyogenes
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Streptococcus pyogenes
-:- Treatment of Streptococcus pyogenes infections
-:- Prevention and Control of Streptococcus pyogenes infections
-:- Streptococcus agalactiae
-:- Other Hemolytic Streptococci
-:- Viridans Streptococci
-:- Enterococcus

Bacteriology Pneumococusm


-:- Streptococcus pneumonia
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Streptococcus pneumonia
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Streptococcus pneumonia
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Streptococcus pneumonia
-:- Epidemiology of Streptococcus pneumonia
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Streptococcus pneumonia infections
-:- Treatment of Streptococcus pneumonia infections

Bacteriology Neisseria


-:- Neisseria gonorrhoeae
-:- Properties of the Bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Properties - Neisseria gonorrhoeae
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Neisseria gonorrhoeae
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Neisseria gonorrhoeae
-:- Epidemiology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae
-:- Laboratory diagnosis of Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection
-:- Treatment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection
-:- Prevention and Control of Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection
-:- Neisseria meningitides: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Neisseria meningitides
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Neisseria meningitides
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Neisseria meningitides
-:- Epidemiology of Neisseria meningitides
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Neisseria meningitides infections
-:- Treatment of Neisseria meningitides infections
-:- Prevention and Control of Neisseria meningitides infections
-:- Other Neisseria Bacteria Species

Bacteriology Corynebacterium


-:- Corynebacterium
-:- Corynebacterium diphtheria: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Corynebacterium diphtheria
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Corynebacterium diphtheria
-:- Epidemiology of Corynebacterium diphtheria
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Corynebacterium diphtheria infections
-:- Treatment of Corynebacterium diphtheria infections
-:- Prevention and Control of Corynebacterium diphtheria infections
-:- Other Pathogenic Corynebacterium Species
-:- Few Coryneform Genera

Bacteriology Bacillus


-:- Bacillus: Introduction
-:- Bacillus anthracis
-:- Properties of the Bacteria Bacillus anthracis
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Properties - Bacillus anthracis
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Bacillus anthracis
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Bacillus anthracis
-:- Epidemiology - Bacillus anthracis
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Bacillus anthracis infections
-:- Treatment of Bacillus anthracis infections
-:- Prevention and Control of Bacillus anthracis infections
-:- Anthracoid Bacilli
-:- Bacillus cereus

Bacteriology Clostridium


-:- Clostridium
-:- General Properties of Clostridia
-:- Clostridium perfringens: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Clostridium perfringens
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Clostridium perfringens
-:- Epidemiology - Clostridium perfringens
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Clostridium perfringens infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control of Clostridium perfringens infections
-:- Clostridium tetani: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Clostridium tetani
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Clostridium tetani
-:- Epidemiology - Clostridium tetani
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Clostridium tetani infections
-:- Treatment of Clostridium tetani infections
-:- Prevention and Control of Clostridium tetani infections
-:- Clostridium botulinum: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Pathogenicity and Immunity - Clostridium botulinum
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Clostridium botulinum
-:- Epidemiology - Clostridium botulinum
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Clostridium botulinum infections
-:- Treatment of Clostridium botulinum infections
-:- Prevention and Control of Clostridium botulinum infections
-:- Clostridium difficile

Bacteriology Nonsporing Anaerobes


-:- Nonsporing Anaerobes
-:- Anaerobic Bacilli
-:- Anaerobic Gram-Positive Bacilli
-:- Anaerobic Gram-Negative Bacilli

Coliforms


-:- Coliforms
-:- Escherichia
-:- Escherichia coli: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Escherichia coli
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Escherichia coli
-:- Epidemiology - Escherichia coli
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Escherichia coli Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control of Escherichia coli Infections
-:- Edwardsiella
-:- Citrobacter - Nonsporing Anaerobes
-:- Klebsiella
-:- Enterobacter
-:- Hafnia
-:- Serratia
-:- Proteus
-:- Proteus: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Properties - Proteus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Proteus
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Proteus
-:- Epidemiology - Proteus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Proteus Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control of Proteus Infections
-:- Morganella
-:- Providencia
-:- Erwinia

Bacteriology Salmonella


-:- Salmonella
-:- Salmonella: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Salmonella
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Salmonella
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Salmonella
-:- Epidemiology - Salmonella
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Salmonella Infections
-:- Treatment of Salmonella Infections
-:- Prevention and Control of Salmonella Infections
-:- Salmonella Gastroenteritis
-:- Salmonella Bacteremia

Bacteriology Shigella


-:- Shigella
-:- Shigella: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Shigella
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Shigella
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Shigella
-:- Epidemiology - Shigella
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Shigella Infections
-:- Treatment and Prevention and Control of Shigella Infections

Bacteriology Yersinia


-:- Yersinia
-:- Yersinia pestis: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Yersinia pestis
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Yersinia pestis
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Yersinia pestis
-:- Epidemiology - Yersinia pestis
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Yersinia pestis Infections
-:- Treatment of Yersinia pestis Infections
-:- Prevention and Control of Yersinia pestis Infections
-:- Yersinia enterocolitica
-:- Yersinia pseudotuberculosis

Bacteriology VibrioAeromonasand Plesiomonas


-:- Vibrio cholerae: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Vibrio cholerae
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Vibrio cholerae
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Vibrio cholerae
-:- Epidemiology - Vibrio cholerae
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Vibrio cholerae Infections
-:- Treatment of Vibrio cholerae Infections
-:- Prevention and Control of Vibrio cholerae Infections
-:- Noncholera Vibrios
-:- Vibrio mimicus
-:- Halophilic Vibrios
-:- Aeromonas
-:- Plesiomonas

Bacteriology Campylobacter and Helicobacter


-:- Campylobacter: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Campylobacter
-:- Clinical Syndrome - Campylobacter
-:- Epidemiology - Campylobacter
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Campylobacter Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control of Campylobacter Infections
-:- Helicobacter
-:- Helicobacter pylori: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Helicobacter pylori
-:- Clinical Syndrome - Helicobacter pylori
-:- Epidemiology - Helicobacter pylori
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control of Helicobacter pylori Infections

Bacteriology Pseudomonas Burkholderia and Moraxell


-:- Pseudomonas
-:- Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Pseudomonas aeruginosa
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Pseudomonas aeruginosa
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Pseudomonas aeruginosa
-:- Epidemiology - Pseudomonas aeruginosa
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infections
-:- Burkholderia: Burkholderia cepacia, mallei, pseudomallei
-:- Moraxella

Bacteriology Haemophilus Pasteurella and Actinobacillus


-:- Haemophilu
-:- Haemophilus influenza: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Structures and Antigenic Properties - Haemophilus influenza
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Haemophilus influenza
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Haemophilus influenza
-:- Epidemiology - Haemophilus influenza
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Haemophilus influenza Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control of Haemophilus influenza Infections
-:- Few Haemophilus Species
-:- Pasteurella
-:- Actinobacillus
-:- HACEK Group of Bacteria

Bacteriology Bordetella and Francisella


-:- Bordetella
-:- Bordetella pertussis: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Properties - Bordetella pertussis
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Bordetella pertussis
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Bordetella pertussis
-:- Epidemiology - Bordetella pertussis
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Bordetella pertussis Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control of Bordetella pertussis Infections
-:- Bordetella parapertussis
-:- Bordetella bronchiseptica
-:- Francisella tularensis: Properties of the bacteria
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Francisella tularensis
-:- Clinical Syndromes and Epidemiology - Francisella tularensis
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Francisella tularensis Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control of Francisella tularensis Infections

Bacteriology Brucella


-:- Brucella
-:- Brucella: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Brucella
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Brucella
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Brucella
-:- Epidemiology - Brucella
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Brucella Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control of Brucella Infections

Bacteriology Mycobacterium tuberculosis


-:- Mycobacterium tuberculosis
-:- Mycobacterium tuberculosis: General Properties
-:- Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Mycobacterium tuberculosis
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Mycobacterium tuberculosis
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Mycobacterium tuberculosis
-:- Complications of Tuberculosis - Mycobacterium tuberculosis
-:- Epidemiology - Mycobacterium tuberculosis
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infections
-:- Treatment for Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infections
-:- Prevention and Control for Mycobacterium tuberculosis Infections

Bacteriology Nontuberculous Mycobacteria


-:- Nontuberculous Mycobacteria
-:- Photochromogens
-:- Scotochromogens
-:- Nonphotochromogens
-:- Rapid Growers

Bacteriology Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium


-:- Mycobacterium leprae: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Mycobacterium leprae
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Mycobacterium leprae
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Mycobacterium leprae
-:- Epidemiology - Mycobacterium leprae
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis for Mycobacterium leprae Infections
-:- Treatment for Mycobacterium leprae Infections
-:- Prevention and Control for Mycobacterium leprae Infections
-:- Mycobacterium lepraemurium

Bacteriology Treponema Borrelia and Leptospira


-:- Treponema
-:- Treponema pallidum: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Treponema pallidum
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Treponema pallidum
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Treponema pallidum
-:- Epidemiology - Treponema pallidum
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Treponema pallidum Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Treponema pallidum Infections
-:- Nonvenereal Treponematosis
-:- Nonpathogenic Treponemes
-:- Borrelia
-:- Borrelia recurrentis: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Borrelia recurrentis
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Borrelia recurrentis
-:- Epidemiology - Borrelia recurrentis
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Borrelia recurrentis infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Borrelia recurrentis infections
-:- Borrelia vincenti
-:- Borrelia burgdorferi
-:- Leptospira: Classification
-:- Leptospira interrogans Complex: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Leptospira interrogans Complex
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Leptospira interrogans Complex
-:- Epidemiology - Leptospira interrogans Complex
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Leptospira interrogans Complex Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Leptospira interrogans Complex Infections

Bacteriology Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma


-:- Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma
-:- Mycoplasma pneumonia: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Mycoplasma pneumonia
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Mycoplasma pneumonia
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Mycoplasma pneumonia
-:- Epidemiology - Mycoplasma pneumonia
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Mycoplasma pneumonia Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Mycoplasma pneumonia Infections
-:- Genital Mycoplasma Species
-:- Ureaplasma urealyticum
-:- Atypical Pneumonia

Bacteriology Actinomycetes


-:- Actinomycetes
-:- Actinomyces: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Actinomyces
-:- Clinical Syndromes and Epidemiology - Actinomyces
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Actinomyces Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Actinomyces Infections
-:- Nocardia
-:- Nocardia: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Nocardia
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Nocardia
-:- Epidemiology - Nocardia
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Nocardia Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Nocardia Infections
-:- Rhodococcus
-:- Gordonia, Tsukamurella, Thermophilic Actinomyces, Tropheryma whippelii, Dermatophilus, Oerskovia - Actinomycetes

Bacteriology Miscellaneous Bacteria


-:- Listeria monocytogenes - Bacteria
-:- Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae - Bacteria
-:- Alcaligenes faecalis - Bacteria
-:- Chromobacterium violaceum - Bacteria
-:- Flavobacterium meningosepticum - Bacteria
-:- Calymmatobacterium - Bacteria
-:- Streptobacillus moniliformis - Bacteria
-:- Spirillum minus - Bacteria
-:- Legionella - Bacteria
-:- Legionella pneumophila: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Legionella pneumophila
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Legionella pneumophila
-:- Clinical Sydromes - Legionella pneumophila
-:- Epidemiology - Legionella pneumophila
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Legionella pneumophila Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Legionella pneumophila Infections
-:- Bartonella
-:- Capnocytophaga
-:- Gardnerella vaginalis - Bacteria

Bacteriology Rickettsia Orientia Ehrlichia and Coxiella


-:- Rickettsia, Orientia Ehrlichia, and Coxiella
-:- Genus Rickettsia: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Genus Rickettsia
-:- Typhus Fever Group
-:- Rickettsia prowazekii
-:- Rickettsia typhi
-:- Spotted Fever Group
-:- Rickettsia rickettsiae
-:- Rickettsia akari
-:- Orientia tsutsugamushi - Genus Orientia
-:- Genus Ehrlichia
-:- Genus Coxiella
-:- Coxiella burnetii: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Coxiella burnetii
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity, Clinical Syndrome - Coxiella burnetii
-:- Epidemiology - Coxiella burnetii
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Coxiella burnetii Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Coxiella burnetii Infections

Bacteriology Chlamydia and Chlamydophilaum


-:- Chlamydia
-:- Chlamydia: General Properties, Growth and Multiplication
-:- Chlamydia trachomatis: Properties of the Bacteria
-:- Cell Wall Components and Antigenic Structure - Chlamydia trachomatis
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Chlamydia trachomatis
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Chlamydia trachomatis
-:- Epidemiology - Chlamydia trachomatis
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Chlamydia trachomatis Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Chlamydia trachomatis Infections
-:- Chlamydophila
-:- Chlamydophila pneumonia
-:- Chlamydophila psittaci

Virology Virus General Properties of Viruses


-:- General Properties of Viruses
-:- Morphology of Viruses
-:- Structure and Symmetry of Virus
-:- Susceptibility to Physical and Chemical Agents of Virus
-:- Replication of Viruses
-:- Viral Genetics
-:- Nomenclature and Taxonomy of Viruses

Virology Virus Pathogenesis of Viral Infections


-:- Stages of Viral Infections
-:- Viral Pathogenesis at the Cellular Level
-:- Host Response to Viral Infections
-:- Clinical Manifestations of Viral Diseases
-:- Epidemiology - Pathogenesis of Viral Infections

Virology Virus Antiviral Agents


-:- Antiviral Agents
-:- Mechanism of Action of Antiviral Drugs
-:- Classification of Antiviral Drugs

Virology Virus Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Diseases


-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Diseases: Introduction
-:- Methods of Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Diseases
-:- Demonstration of Virus-Induced CPEs in the Cells - Methods of Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Diseases
-:- Direct Detection of Viruses - Methods of Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Diseases
-:- Virus Isolation - Methods of Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Diseases
-:- Viral Assays - Methods of Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Diseases
-:- Detection of Viral Proteins and Other Enzymes - Methods of Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Diseases
-:- Detection of Viral Genome - Methods of Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Diseases
-:- Viral Serology - Methods of Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Diseases

Virology Virus Bacteriophages


-:- Bacteriophages
-:- Morphology - Bacteriophages
-:- Life Cycle: Lysogenic and Lytic Cycle - Bacteriophages
-:- Uses of Bacteriophages
-:- Bacteriophage Typing

Virology Virus Poxviruses


-:- Poxviruses: Classification
-:- Variola (Smallpox) Virus: Properties of the Virus
-:- Virus Isolation and Animal Susceptibility - Variola (Smallpox) Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Variola (Smallpox) Virus
-:- Clinical Syndrome - Variola (Smallpox) Virus
-:- Epidemiology - Variola (Smallpox) Virus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Variola (Smallpox) Virus Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Variola (Smallpox) Virus Infections
-:- Vaccinia Virus
-:- Monkeypox
-:- Buffalopox
-:- Cowpox
-:- Orf
-:- Molluscum Contagiosum
-:- Tanapox and Yabapox

Virology Virus Papovaviruses


-:- Human Papillomaviruses: Properties of the Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Human Papillomaviruses
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Human Papillomaviruses
-:- Epidemiology - Human Papillomaviruses
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control - Human Papillomaviruses Infections
-:- Polyomavirus

Virology Virus Herpesviruses


-:- Herpesviruses
-:- Herpes Simplex Virus: Properties of the Virus
-:- Virus Isolation and Animal Susceptibility - Herpes Simplex Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Herpes Simplex Virus
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Herpes Simplex Virus
-:- Epidemiology - Herpes Simplex Virus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Herpes Simplex Virus Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Herpes Simplex Virus Infections
-:- Herpesvirus Simiae: B Virus
-:- Varicella Zoster Virus: Properties of the Virus, Virus Isolation and Animal Susceptibility
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Varicella Zoster Virus
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Varicella Zoster Virus
-:- Epidemiology - Varicella Zoster Virus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Varicella Zoster Virus Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Varicella Zoster Virus Infections
-:- Epstein Barr Virus: Properties of the Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Epstein Barr Virus
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Epstein Barr Virus
-:- Epidemiology - Epstein Barr Virus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Epstein Barr Virus Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Epstein Barr Virus Infections
-:- Cytomegalovirus: Classification, Properties of the Virus, Virus Isolation and Animal Susceptibility
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Cytomegalovirus
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Cytomegalovirus
-:- Epidemiology - Cytomegalovirus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Cytomegalovirus Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Cytomegalovirus Infections
-:- Human Herpesvirus 6,7,8

Virology Virus Adenoviruses


-:- Adenovirus: Classification
-:- Adenovirus: Properties of the Virus
-:- Virus Isolation and Animal Susceptibility - Adenovirus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Adenovirus
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Adenovirus
-:- Epidemiology - Adenovirus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Adenovirus Infections
-:- Treatment - Adenovirus Infections
-:- Adeno-Associated Viruses

Virology Virus Parvoviruses


-:- Parvoviruses
-:- Parvovirus B19: Properties of the Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Parvovirus B19
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Parvovirus B19
-:- Epidemiology - Parvovirus B19
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control - Parvovirus B19 Infections

Virology Virus Picornaviruses


-:- Picornaviruses
-:- Enteroviruses
-:- Poliovirus: Properties of the Virus
-:- Virus Isolation and Animal Susceptibility - Poliovirus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Poliovirus
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Poliovirus
-:- Epidemiology - Poliovirus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Poliovirus Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Poliovirus Infections
-:- Coxsackieviruses
-:- Diseases Caused by Coxsackie A and B
-:- Echoviruses
-:- Enterovirus 70
-:- Rhinoviruses

Virology Virus Orthomyxoviruses


-:- Orthomyxoviruses
-:- Influenza Viruses: Properties of the Virus
-:- Virus Isolation and Animal Susceptibility - Influenza Viruses
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Influenza Viruses
-:- Clinical Syndrome - Influenza Viruses
-:- Complications - Influenza Viruses
-:- Epidemiology - Influenza Viruses
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Influenza Viruses Infections
-:- Treatment - Influenza Viruses Infections
-:- Prevention and Control - Influenza Viruses Infections

Virology Virus Paramyxoviruses


-:- Paramyxoviruses
-:- Measles Virus: General Properties
-:- Virus Isolation - Measles Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Measles Virus
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Measles Virus
-:- Epidemiology - Measles Virus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Measles Virus Infections
-:- Prevention and Control - Measles Virus Infections
-:- Parainfluenza Virus: Properties of the Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Parainfluenza Virus
-:- Clinical Syndromes and Epidemiology - Parainfluenza Virus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control - Parainfluenza Virus Infections
-:- Mumps Virus: Properties of the Virus, Virus Isolation
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Mumps Virus
-:- Clinical Syndrome and Epidemiology - Mumps Virus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control - Mumps Virus Infections
-:- Respiratory Syncytial: Properties of the Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Respiratory Syncytial
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Respiratory Syncytial
-:- Epidemiology - Respiratory Syncytial
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Respiratory Syncytial Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Respiratory Syncytial Infections
-:- Nipah Virus and Hendra Virus
-:- Human Metapneumovirus

Virology Virus Reoviruses


-:- Human Metapneumovirus
-:- Reoviruses
-:- Orbiviruses
-:- Coltiviruses and Colorado Tick Fever Virus
-:- Orthoreoviruses
-:- Rotavirus: Properties of the Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Rotavirus
-:- Clinical Syndrome and Epidemiology - Rotavirus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control - Rotavirus Infections

Virology Virus Rhabdoviruses


-:- Rhabdoviruses
-:- Rabies Virus: Properties of the Virus
-:- Virus Isolation and Animal Susceptibility - Rabies Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Rabies Virus
-:- Clinical Syndrome - Rabies Virus
-:- Epidemiology - Rabies Virus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis in Humans - Rabies Virus Infection
-:- Direct Antigen Detection - Rabies Virus Infection
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis in Animals - Rabies Virus Infection
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Rabies Virus Infection
-:- Rabies-Related Viruses

Virology Virus Arboviruses


-:- Arboviruses
-:- Important Properties of Arboviruses
-:- Roboviruses
-:- Togaviruses: Alphaviruses, Rubivirus
-:- Flaviviruses
-:- Mosquito-Borne Flaviviruses
-:- Properties of the virus Mosquito-Borne Flaviviruses
-:- Pathogenesis and immunity - Mosquito-Borne Flaviviruses
-:- Clinical syndromes - Mosquito-Borne Flaviviruses
-:- Epidemiology - Mosquito-Borne Flaviviruses
-:- Laboratory diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and control - Mosquito-Borne Flaviviruses Infections
-:- Tick-Borne Flaviviruses
-:- Bunyaviridae Viruses
-:- Reoviridae
-:- Rhabdoviridae
-:- Ungrouped Arboviruses

Hepatitis Viruses


-:- Hepatitis Viruses: Introduction
-:- Hepatitis A Virus: Properties of the Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Hepatitis A Virus
-:- Clinical Syndrome - Hepatitis A Virus
-:- Epidemiology - Hepatitis A Virus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Hepatitis A Virus
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Hepatitis A Virus Infections
-:- Hepatitis B Virus: Properties of the Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Hepatitis B Virus
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Hepatitis B Virus
-:- Epidemiology - Hepatitis B Virus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Hepatitis B Virus Infections
-:- Treatment - Hepatitis B Virus Infections
-:- Prevention and Control - Hepatitis B Virus Infections
-:- Hepatitis C Virus: Properties of the Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Hepatitis C Virus
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Hepatitis C Virus
-:- Epidemiology - Hepatitis C Virus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Hepatitis C Virus Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Hepatitis C Virus Infections
-:- Hepatitis D Virus
-:- Hepatitis E Virus
-:- Hepatitis G Virus

Virology Virus Retrovirus


-:- Retroviruses: Classification
-:- Retroviruses: Properties of the Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Retroviruses
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Retroviruses
-:- Epidemiology - Retroviruses
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis and Treatment - Retroviruses Infections
-:- Human T-Lymphotropic Viruses: Properties of the Virus
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Human T-Lymphotropic Viruses
-:- Host immunity - Human T-Lymphotropic Viruses
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Human T-Lymphotropic Viruses
-:- Epidemiology - Human T-Lymphotropic Viruses
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control - Human T-Lymphotropic Viruses Infections
-:- Endogenous Retroviruses

Virology Virus Human Immunodeficiency Virus


-:- Human Immunodeficiency Virus
-:- HIV Virus: Classification and Properties of the Virus
-:- HIV Virus Isolation: Cell culture
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - HIV Virus
-:- Clinical Syndromes - HIV Virus
-:- Epidemiology - HIV Virus
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - HIV Virus infection
-:- Treatment - HIV Virus infection
-:- Prevention and Control - HIV Virus infection

Virology Virus Slow Viruses and Prions


-:- Slow Viruses and Prions
-:- Slow Diseases Caused by Prions
-:- Properties of the Prions - Slow Diseases Caused by Prions
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Slow Diseases Caused by Prions
-:- Clinical Syndromes - Slow Diseases Caused by Prions
-:- Epidemiology - Slow Diseases Caused by Prions
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control - Slow Diseases Caused by Prions
-:- Slow Diseases Caused by Conventional Viruses in Humans
-:- Slow Diseases Caused by Conventional Viruses in Animals

Virology Virus Miscellaneous Viruses


-:- Rubella Virus
-:- Norwalk Virus
-:- Viral Hemorrhagic Fever
-:- Arenavirus
-:- Coronaviruses

Mycology Fungi Introduction to Mycology


-:- Introduction to Mycology
-:- Classification of Fungi
-:- Reproduction of Fungi
-:- Pathogenesis of Fungal Infection
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis of Fungal Infection
-:- Antifungal Drugs

Mycology Fungi Superficial Cutaneous and Subcutaneous Mycoses


-:- Superficial Mycoses
-:- Cutaneous Mycoses
-:- Subcutaneous Mycosis

Mycology Fungi Systemic Mycoses


-:- Coccidioidomycosis
-:- Paracoccidioidomycosis
-:- Histoplasmosis
-:- Blastomycosis
-:- Cryptococcosis

Mycology Fungi Opportunistic Fungal Infections


-:- Opportunistic Fungal Infections
-:- Candidiasis
-:- Candida albicans: Properties
-:- Pathogenesis and Immunity - Candida albicans
-:- Clinical Syndromes and Epidemiology - Candida albicans
-:- Laboratory Diagnosis - Candida albicans Infections
-:- Treatment, Prevention and Control - Candida albicans Infections
-:- Aspergillus Species
-:- Zygomycosis
-:- Pneumocystis jiroveci - Pneumocystosis
-:- Penicillium marneffei - Penicilliosis
-:- Pseudoallescheria boydii Infection
-:- Fusarium solani Infection

Applied Microbiology Normal Microbial Flora


-:- Normal Microbial Flora
-:- Functions of Resident Flora
-:- Factors Determining the Colonization by Microbes
-:- Normal Flora at Various Sites of the Body
-:- Normal Flora at Respiratory Tract
-:- Normal Flora at Gastrointestinal Tract
-:- Normal Flora at Genitourinary Tract
-:- Normal Flora at Body Surface
-:- Normal Flora at Sterile Sites

Applied Microbiology Bacteriology of Water Milk and Air


-:- Bacteriology of Water
-:- Bacteriology of Milk
-:- Bacteriology of Air

Applied Microbiology Nosocomial Infections


-:- Nosocomial Infections
-:- Factors Affecting Hospital-Acquired Infection
-:- Epidemiology of Hospital-Acquired Infections
-:- Diagnosis of Hospital-Acquired Infections
-:- Prevention and Control of Hospital-Acquired Infections

Applied Microbiology Biomedical Waste Management


-:- Biomedical Waste Management
-:- Types of Biomedical Waste
-:- Waste Treatment and Disposal of Biomedical Wastes

Applied Microbiology Immunoprophylaxis


-:- Immunoprophylaxis
-:- Active Immunization
-:- Immunization Schedule
-:- Passive Immunization
-:- Individual Immunization
Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman

​ReadOrRefer.in