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Medicine and surgery: Principles and practice of medicine and surgery -

Medicine and surgery: Principles and practice of medicine and surgery

Principles and practice of medicine and surgery


-:- Water and sodium balance - Fluid and electrolyte balance
-:- Assessing fluid balance - Fluid and electrolyte balance
-:- Hypernatraemia - Fluid and electrolyte balance
-:- Hyponatraemia - Fluid and electrolyte balance
-:- Potassium balance - Fluid and electrolyte balance
-:- Hyperkalaemia - Fluid and electrolyte balance
-:- Hypokalaemia - Fluid and electrolyte balance
-:- Intravenous fluids - Fluid and electrolyte balance
-:- Acid-base balance - Fluid and electrolyte balance
-:- Hypercalcaemia - Fluid and electrolyte balance
-:- Hypocalcaemia - Fluid and electrolyte balance
-:- The preoperative assessment - Perioperative care
-:- Prophylactic antibiotics in surgery - Perioperative care
-:- Nutritional support in surgical patients - Perioperative care
-:- Postoperative complications - Perioperative care
-:- Surgical site infection - Perioperative care
-:- Pain control - Perioperative care
-:- Nosocomial infections - Infections
-:- Pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) - Infections
-:- Septicaemia and septic shock - Infections

Cardiovascular system


-:- Cardiovascular chest pain - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Dyspnoea - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Palpitations - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Syncope - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Intermittent claudication - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Signs of Oedema
-:- Signs of Cyanosis
-:- Signs of The arterial pulse
-:- Signs of Jugular venous pressure
-:- Signs of Precordial heaves, thrills and pulsation
-:- Signs of Heart murmurs
-:- Coronary angioplasty: Investigations and procedures
-:- Coronary artery bypass surgery: Investigations and procedures
-:- Valve surgery: Investigations and procedures
-:- Permanent pacemakers: Investigations and procedures
-:- Echocardiography: Investigations and procedures
-:- Ischaemic heart disease
-:- Chronic stable angina - Ischaemic heart disease
-:- Acute coronary syndrome - Ischaemic heart disease
-:- Unstable angina and non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) - Ischaemic heart disease
-:- Acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) - Ischaemic heart disease
-:- Variant/Prinzmetal’s angina - Ischaemic heart disease
-:- Rheumatic fever
-:- Mitral regurgitation - valve disease
-:- Mitral valve prolase - valve disease
-:- Mitral stenosis - valve disease
-:- Aortic regurgitation - valve disease
-:- Aortic stenosis - valve disease
-:- Pulmonary stenosis - valve disease
-:- Tricuspid regurgitation - valve disease
-:- Cardiac arrhythmias
-:- Sinus bradycardia - Sinus nodal arrhythmias
-:- Sinus tachycardia - Sinus nodal arrhythmias
-:- Sinus node disease - Sinus nodal arrhythmias
-:- Atrial ectopic beats - Atrial arrhythmias
-:- Atrial flutter - Atrial arrhythmias
-:- Atrial fibrillation - Atrial arrhythmias
-:- Junctional tachycardia - Junctional arrhythmias
-:- Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome - Junctional arrhythmias
-:- Ventricular ectopic beats - Ventricular arrhythmias
-:- Ventricular tachycardia - Ventricular arrhythmias
-:- Torsades de pointes - Ventricular arrhythmias
-:- Ventricular fibrillation - Ventricular arrhythmias
-:- Atrioventricular block - Conduction disturbances
-:- First degree atrioventricular block - Conduction disturbances
-:- Second degree atrioventricular block - Mobitz type I (Wenckebach phenomenon)
-:- Second degree atrioventricular block - Mobitz type II
-:- Third degree atrioventricular block (complete heart block)
-:- Left bundle branch block - Conduction disturbances
-:- Right bundle branch block - Conduction disturbances
-:- Heart failure - Cardiac failure
-:- Acute pulmonary oedema - Cardiac failure
-:- Cardiogenic shock - Cardiac failure
-:- Chronic cor pulmonale - Cardiac failure
-:- Acute pericarditis - Disorders of the pericardium
-:- Constrictive pericarditis - Disorders of the pericardium
-:- Pericardial effusion - Disorders of the pericardium
-:- Cardiac tamponade - Disorders of the pericardium
-:- Myocarditis - Disorders of the myocardium
-:- Cardiomyopathies - Disorders of the myocardium
-:- Dilated cardiomyopathy - Disorders of the myocardium
-:- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy - Disorders of the myocardium
-:- Restrictive cardiomyopathy - Disorders of the myocardium
-:- Infective endocarditis - Disorders of the endocardium
-:- Systemic hypertension - Hypertension and vascular diseases
-:- Peripheral arterial disease - Hypertension and vascular diseases
-:- Aneurysms - Hypertension and vascular diseases
-:- Abdominal aortic aneurysm - Hypertension and vascular diseases
-:- Thoracic aortic aneurysms and aortic dissection - Hypertension and vascular diseases
-:- Acute peripheral arterial occlusion - Hypertension and vascular diseases
-:- Deep vein thrombosis - Hypertension and vascular diseases
-:- Varicose veins - Hypertension and vascular diseases
-:- Superficial thrombophlebitis - Hypertension and vascular diseases
-:- Chronic venous ulceration - Hypertension and vascular diseases
-:- Introduction to congenital heart disease
-:- Ventricular septal defects - congenital heart disease
-:- Atrial septal defects - congenital heart disease
-:- Coarctation of the aorta - Congenital heart disease
-:- Fallot’s tetralogy - Congenital heart disease
-:- Atrial myxoma - Cardiovascular oncology
-:- Carotid body tumours - Cardiovascular oncology

Respiratory system


-:- Cough and sputum - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Dyspnoea - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Wheeze and stridor - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Respiratory chest pain - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Clubbing - Signs
-:- Breath sounds - Signs
-:- Lung function testing - Respiratory procedures
-:- Bronchoscopy - Respiratory procedures
-:- Thoracic surgery - Respiratory procedures
-:- Acute bronchitis - Respiratory infections
-:- Pneumonia - Respiratory infections
-:- Tuberculosis - Respiratory infections
-:- Influenza - Respiratory infections
-:- Lung abscess - Respiratory infections
-:- Aspergillus fumigatus - Respiratory infections
-:- Asthma - Obstructive lung disorders
-:- Chronic bronchitis and emphysema - Respiratory infections
-:- Sleep apnoea/Pickwickian syndrome - Respiratory infections
-:- Pulmonary fibrosis and honeycomb lung - Restrictive lung disorders
-:- Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis - usual interstitial pneumonia - Restrictive lung disorders
-:- Extrinsic allergic alveolitis - Restrictive lung disorders
-:- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
-:- Cystic fibrosis - Suppurative lung disorders
-:- Bronchiectasis - Suppurative lung disorders
-:- Sarcoidosis - Granulomatous/vasculitic lung disorders
-:- Wegener’s granulomatosis - Granulomatous/vasculitic lung disorders
-:- Pleural effusion
-:- Empyema
-:- Pneumothorax
-:- Pleurisy
-:- Respiratory failure
-:- Pulmonary embolism
-:- Pulmonary hypertension
-:- Occupational lung disease
-:- Coal worker’s pneumoconiosis - Occupational lung disease
-:- Silicosis - Occupational lung disease
-:- Bronchial carcinoma - Respiratory oncology
-:- Bronchial carcinoid tumours - Respiratory oncology
-:- Secondary lung tumours - Respiratory oncology

Gastrointestinal system


-:- Abdominal pain - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Nausea and vomiting - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Dysphagia - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Diarrhoea - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Rectal bleeding - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Constipation - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Weight loss - Clinical Symptoms
-:- The acute abdomen introduction - GI presentations
-:- Dyspepsia - GI presentations
-:- Peritonitis - GI presentations
-:- Intestinal obstruction - GI presentations
-:- Paralytic ileus - GI presentations
-:- Pseudo obstruction - GI presentations
-:- Acute upper gastrointestinal bleed - GI presentations
-:- Pruritus ani - GI presentations
-:- Barium (contrast) studies - Investigations and procedures
-:- Endoscopy - Investigations and procedures
-:- Gastric surgery - Investigations and procedures
-:- Small bowel surgery - Investigations and procedures
-:- Large bowel surgery - Investigations and procedures
-:- Food poisoning - Gastrointestinal infections
-:- Bacilliary dysentery - Gastrointestinal infections
-:- Enteric Escherichia Coli infections - Gastrointestinal infections
-:- Pseudomembranous colitis - Gastrointestinal infections
-:- Giardiasis - Gastrointestinal infections
-:- Amoebiasis - Gastrointestinal infections
-:- Enteric fever (typhoid and paratyphoid) - Gastrointestinal infections
-:- Botulism - Gastrointestinal infections
-:- Cholera - Gastrointestinal infections
-:- Tuberculosis and the GI tract - Gastrointestinal infections
-:- Abdominal hernias - Disorders of the abdominal wall
-:- Gastrooesophageal reflux disease - Disorders of the oesophagus
-:- Hiatus hernia - Disorders of the oesophagus
-:- Pharyngeal pouch - Disorders of the oesophagus
-:- Plummer Vinson syndrome - Disorders of the oesophagus
-:- Achalasia - Disorders of the oesophagus
-:- Diffuse oesophageal spasm - Disorders of the oesophagus
-:- Mallory Weiss tear - Disorders of the oesophagus
-:- Oesophageal perforation - Disorders of the oesophagus
-:- Gastritis - Disorders of the stomach
-:- Acute erosive gastritis - Disorders of the stomach
-:- Peptic ulcer disease - Disorders of the stomach
-:- Helicobacter pylori - Disorders of the stomach
-:- Zollinger Ellinson syndrome - Disorders of the stomach
-:- Acute appendicitis - Disorders of the small bowel and appendix
-:- Meckel’s diverticulum - Disorders of the small bowel and appendix
-:- Malabsorption syndromes - Disorders of the small bowel and appendix
-:- Coeliac disease - Disorders of the small bowel and appendix
-:- Whipple’s disease - Disorders of the small bowel and appendix
-:- Tropical sprue - Disorders of the small bowel and appendix
-:- Diverticular disease - Disorders of the large bowel and inflammatory bowel disease
-:- Irritable bowel syndrome - Disorders of the large bowel and inflammatory bowel disease
-:- Ulcerative colitis - Disorders of the large bowel and inflammatory bowel disease
-:- Crohn’s disease - Disorders of the large bowel and inflammatory bowel disease
-:- Haemorrhoids (piles) - Disorders of the rectum and anus
-:- Rectal prolapse - Disorders of the rectum and anus
-:- Fissure-in-ano - Disorders of the rectum and anus
-:- Fistula-in-ano - Disorders of the rectum and anus
-:- Pilonidal sinus - Disorders of the rectum and anus
-:- Anorectal abscess - Disorders of the rectum and anus
-:- Intestinal ischaemia - Vascular disease of the bowel
-:- Focal ischaemia of the bowel - Vascular disease of the bowel
-:- Ischaemic colitis - Vascular disease of the bowel
-:- Chronic intestinal ischaemia - Vascular disease of the bowel
-:- Acute intestinal failure - Vascular disease of the bowel
-:- Oesophageal carcinoma - Gastrointestinal oncology
-:- Benign gastric tumours - Gastrointestinal oncology
-:- Gastric adenocarcinoma - Gastrointestinal oncology
-:- Gastric lymphoma - Gastrointestinal oncology
-:- Small intestine lymphoma - Gastrointestinal oncology
-:- Carcinoid tumours of the intestine - Gastrointestinal oncology
-:- Large bowel neoplastic polyps - Gastrointestinal oncology
-:- Large bowel carcinoma - Gastrointestinal oncology
-:- Anal squamous cell carcinoma - Gastrointestinal oncology
-:- Familial adenomatous polyposis - Gastrointestinal oncology
-:- Peutz-Jegher syndrome - Gastrointestinal oncology

Hepatic biliary and pancreatic systems


-:- Pain from the liver, biliary and pancreatic systems - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Jaundice - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Signs: Hepatomegaly
-:- Signs of chronic liver disease
-:- Signs: Ascites
-:- Liver function testing - Investigations and procedures
-:- Pancreatic function tests - Investigations and procedures
-:- Imaging of the liver, biliary system and pancreas - Investigations and procedures
-:- Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) - Investigations and procedures
-:- Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) - Investigations and procedures
-:- Liver biopsy - Investigations and procedures
-:- Liver resection - Investigations and procedures
-:- Cholecystectomy - Investigations and procedures
-:- Introduction to the liver and liver disease - Disorders of the liver
-:- Acute hepatitis - Patterns of liver disease
-:- Chronic hepatitis - Patterns of liver disease
-:- Cirrhosis - Patterns of liver disease
-:- Fulminant hepatic failure - Patterns of liver disease
-:- Portal hypertension - Complications of chronic liver disease
-:- Bleeding oesophageal varices - Complications of chronic liver disease
-:- Viral hepatitis - Complications of chronic liver disease
-:- Hepatitis A - Complications of chronic liver disease
-:- Hepatitis B - Complications of chronic liver disease
-:- Hepatitis C - Complications of chronic liver disease
-:- Hepatitis D - Complications of chronic liver disease
-:- Hepatitis E - Complications of chronic liver disease
-:- Alcohol-induced liver disease
-:- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
-:- Drug-induced liver disease
-:- Autoimmune chronic hepatitis - liver disease
-:- Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) - liver disease
-:- Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) - liver disease
-:- α1 Antitrypsin deficiency - liver disease
-:- Hereditary haemochromatosis - liver disease
-:- Wilson’s disease - liver disease
-:- Pyogenic liver abscess - liver disease
-:- Amoebic liver abscess - liver disease
-:- Hydatid disease - liver disease
-:- Benign tumours of the liver - Tumours of the liver
-:- Primary hepatocellular carcinoma - Tumours of the liver
-:- Metastatic liver tumours - Tumours of the liver
-:- Gallstone disease (cholelithiasis) - Disorders of the gallbladder
-:- Carcinoma of the gallbladder - Disorders of the gallbladder
-:- Carcinoma of the bile ducts - Disorders of the gallbladder
-:- Introduction to the pancreas Disorders
-:- Acute pancreatitis - Disorders of the pancreas
-:- Chronic pancreatitis - Disorders of the pancreas
-:- Carcinoma of the pancreas - Tumours of the pancreas
-:- Islet cell tumours - Tumours of the pancreas

Genitourinary system


-:- Loin pain - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Dysuria - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Change in urinary frequency, flow and volume - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Haematuria and discoloured urine - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Urine tests - Investigations and procedures
-:- Proteinuria - Investigations and procedures
-:- Imaging of the urinary tract - Investigations and procedures
-:- Cystoscopy - Investigations and procedures
-:- Measuring renal function - Investigations and procedures
-:- Anion gap - Investigations and procedures
-:- Renal biopsy - Investigations and procedures
-:- Dialysis - Investigations and procedures
-:- Renal failure - Disorders of the kidney
-:- Acute renal failure - Disorders of the kidney
-:- Acute tubular necrosis (ATN) - Disorders of the kidney
-:- Chronic renal failure - Disorders of the kidney
-:- Renal osteodystrophy - Disorders of the kidney
-:- Glomerular disease
-:- Nephrotic syndrome - Glomerular disease
-:- Nephritic syndrome - Glomerular disease
-:- Acute diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis - Glomerular disease
-:- Focal segmental proliferative glomerulonephritis - Glomerular disease
-:- IgA nephropathy - Glomerular disease
-:- Goodpasture’s disease (anti-GBM disease) - Glomerular disease
-:- Mesangiocapillary glomerulonephritis (membranoproliferative GN) - Glomerular disease
-:- Minimal change disease - Glomerular disease
-:- Membranous glomerulonephritis - Glomerular disease
-:- Focal (segmental) glomerulosclerosis - Glomerular disease
-:- Tubulointerstitial disease - Tubular and interstitial diseases
-:- Renal tubular syndromes - Tubular and interstitial diseases
-:- Renal tubular acidosis - Tubular and interstitial diseases
-:- Hyperuricaemic (gouty) nephropathy - Tubular and interstitial diseases
-:- Adult polycystic kidney disease - Renal cystic disease
-:- Simple renal cysts - Renal cystic disease
-:- Urinary tract obstruction - Renal tract obstruction
-:- Pelviureteric junction obstruction (idiopathic hydronephrosis) - Renal tract obstruction
-:- The kidney in sytemic disease
-:- Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura - haemolytic uraemic syndrome
-:- Congenital malformations of the kidney - Congenital disorders of the kidney
-:- Congenital malformations of the ureter - Congenital disorders of the kidney
-:- Bladder outflow obstruction - Disorders of the bladder and prostate
-:- Benign prostatic hyperplasia - Disorders of the bladder and prostate
-:- Urinary incontinence - Disorders of the bladder and prostate
-:- Urinary tract infections (UTIs) - Urinary tract infections
-:- Acute pyelonephritis - Urinary tract infections
-:- Renal or perinephric abscess - Urinary tract infections
-:- Chronic pyelonephritis (reflux nephropathy) - Urinary tract infections
-:- Urinary schistosomiasis (bilharzia) - Urinary tract infections
-:- Acute epididymo orchitis - Urinary tract infections
-:- Urinary stones
-:- Stag horn calculus - Urinary stones
-:- Torsion of the testis - Disorders of the male genital system
-:- Hydrocele - Disorders of the male genital system
-:- Varicocele - Disorders of the male genital system
-:- Phimosis - Disorders of the male genital system
-:- Epididymal cysts - Disorders of the male genital system
-:- Impotence - Disorders of the male genital system
-:- Kidney tumours - Genitourinary oncology
-:- Renal cell carcinoma - Genitourinary oncology
-:- Bladder cancer - Genitourinary oncology
-:- Prostate cancer - Genitourinary oncology
-:- Introduction to testicular tumours - Genitourinary oncology
-:- Seminoma - Genitourinary oncology
-:- Teratoma (non-seminomatous germ cell tumours) - Genitourinary oncology
-:- Leydig cell tumour - Genitourinary oncology
-:- Sertoli cell tumour - Genitourinary oncology

Nervous system


-:- Headache - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Fits and faints - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Dizziness and vertigo - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Altered sensation or weakness in the limbs - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Patterns of neurological disorders
-:- Upper motor neurone signs - Patterns of neurological disorders
-:- Lower motor neurone signs - Patterns of neurological disorders
-:- Cerebellar signs - Patterns of sensory loss
-:- Extrapyramidal signs (Parkinsonism) - Patterns of sensory loss
-:- Gait - Patterns of sensory loss
-:- Electroencephalography - Investigations and procedures
-:- Electromyography (EMG) and nerve conduction studies (NCS) - Investigations and procedures
-:- Lumbar puncture - Investigations and procedures
-:- CT head - Investigations and procedures
-:- MRI brain and spinal cord - Investigations and procedures
-:- Stroke - Cerebrovascular disease
-:- Transient ischaemic attack (TIA) - Cerebrovascular disease
-:- Hypoxic ischaemic brain injury - Cerebrovascular disease
-:- Intracerebral haemorrhage - Cerebrovascular disease
-:- Sub/extradural haemorrhage - Cerebrovascular disease
-:- Subarachnoid haemorrhage - Cerebrovascular disease
-:- Intracranial venous thrombosis - Cerebrovascular disease
-:- Bacterial meningitis - Infections of the nervous system: Meningitis and encephalitis
-:- Viral meningitis - Infections of the nervous system
-:- Tuberculous meningitis - Infections of the nervous system
-:- Other causes of meningitis - Infections of the nervous system
-:- Acute viral encephalitis - Infections of the nervous system
-:- Tetanus - Miscellaneous infective or post infective CNS disorders
-:- Poliomyelitis - Miscellaneous infective or post infective CNS disorders
-:- Cerebritis and cerebral abscess - Abscesses of the nervous system
-:- Tuberculoma - Abscesses of the nervous system
-:- Epilepsy - Disorders of consciousness and memory
-:- Acute confusional state (delirium) - Disorders of consciousness and memory
-:- Coma - Disorders of consciousness and memory
-:- Head Injury - Disorders of consciousness and memory
-:- Dementia - Disorders of consciousness and memory
-:- Alzheimer’s disease - Disorders of consciousness and memory
-:- Creutzfeld Jakob disease - Disorders of consciousness and memory
-:- Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome - Disorders of consciousness and memory
-:- Brain death - Disorders of consciousness and memory
-:- Parkinson’s disease
-:- Other causes of Parkinsonism
-:- Benign essential tremor
-:- Huntington’s disease
-:- Multiple sclerosis
-:- Hydrocephalus - CNS causes of headache
-:- Idiopathic intracranial hypertension - CNS causes of headache
-:- Migraine - CNS causes of headache
-:- Tension headache - CNS causes of headache
-:- Trigeminal neuralgia - CNS causes of headache
-:- Motor neurone disease
-:- Spinal cord lesions - Disorders of the spinal cord
-:- Spinal cord compression - Disorders of the spinal cord
-:- Syringomyelia and syringobulbia - Disorders of the spinal cord
-:- Transverse myelitis - Disorders of the spinal cord
-:- Myotonic dystrophy - Muscular dystrophies
-:- Myasthenia gravis - Neuromuscular junction disorders
-:- Eaton-Lambert syndrome - Neuromuscular junction disorders
-:- Olfactory nerve (I) lesion - Disorders of cranial nerves
-:- The optic nerve - Disorders of cranial nerves
-:- Abnormalities of the optic disc - Disorders of cranial nerves
-:- Horner’s syndrome - Disorders of cranial nerves
-:- Oculomotor nerve (III) lesion - Disorders of cranial nerves
-:- Trochlear nerve (IV) lesion - Disorders of cranial nerves
-:- Abducent nerve (VI) lesion - Disorders of cranial nerves
-:- Trigeminal nerve (V) lesion - Disorders of cranial nerves
-:- Facial nerve (VII) lesions - Disorders of cranial nerves
-:- Bell’s palsy - Disorders of cranial nerves
-:- Vestibulocochlear nerve (VIII) lesion - Disorders of cranial nerves
-:- Glossopharyngeal (IX) and vagus (X) lesions - Disorders of cranial nerves
-:- Accessory nerve (XI) lesions - Disorders of cranial nerves
-:- Hypoglossal nerve (XII) lesions - Disorders of cranial nerves
-:- Lesions of peripheral nerves - Disorders of Peripheral nerves
-:- Guillain Barre syndrome - Disorders of Peripheral nerves
-:- Brachial plexus injuries - Disorders of Peripheral nerves
-:- Median nerve lesions - Disorders of Peripheral nerves
-:- Carpal tunnel syndrome - Disorders of Peripheral nerves
-:- Ulnar nerve lesions - Disorders of Peripheral nerves
-:- Radial nerve lesions - Disorders of Peripheral nerves
-:- Sciatic nerve lesions - Disorders of Peripheral nerves
-:- Femoral nerve injuries - Disorders of Peripheral nerves
-:- Peroneal nerve lesions - Disorders of Peripheral nerves
-:- Cerebral palsy - Hereditary and congenital disorders
-:- Neurofibromatosis type 1 - Hereditary and congenital disorders
-:- Neurofibromatosis type 2 - Hereditary and congenital disorders
-:- Tuberose sclerosis - Hereditary and congenital disorders
-:- Friedreich’s ataxia - Hereditary and congenital disorders
-:- Hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease)
-:- Primary intracranial tumours - Tumours of the nervous system
-:- Meningioma - Tumours of the nervous system
-:- Gliomas (astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas) - Tumours of the nervous system

Musculoskeletal system


-:- Joint pain - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Joint swelling - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Joint stiffness - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Laboratory investigations - Investigations and procedures
-:- Joint aspiration - Investigations and procedures
-:- Diagnostic imaging - Investigations and procedures
-:- Acute osteomyelitis - Bone and joint infections
-:- Chronic osteomyelitis - Bone and joint infections
-:- Tuberculous bone infection - Bone and joint infections
-:- Septic arthritis - Bone and joint infections
-:- Osteoarthritis - Bone and joint infections
-:- Rheumatoid arthritis - Seropositive arthritis
-:- Ankylosing spondylitis - Seronegative arthritides (spondyloarthropathies)
-:- Psoriatic arthritis - Seronegative arthritides (spondyloarthropathies)
-:- Reactive arthritis - Seronegative arthritides (spondyloarthropathies)
-:- Inflammatory bowel disease related arthritis - Seronegative arthritides (spondyloarthropathies)
-:- Systemic lupus erythematosus - Connective tissue disorders
-:- Antiphospholipid syndrome - Connective tissue disorders
-:- Systemic sclerosis and scleroderma - Connective tissue disorders
-:- Sjogren’s syndrome - Connective tissue disorders
-:- Polymyositis and dermatomyositis - Connective tissue disorders
-:- Marfan’s syndrome - Connective tissue disorders
-:- Ehlers-Danlos syndrome - Connective tissue disorders
-:- Crystal arthropathies
-:- Gout - Crystal arthropathies
-:- Pseudogout - Crystal arthropathies
-:- Osteoporosis - Metabolic bone disorders
-:- Osteomalacia - Metabolic bone disorders
-:- Paget’s disease - Metabolic bone disorders
-:- Achondroplasia - Genetic musculoskeletal disorders
-:- Osteogenesis imperfecta - Genetic musculoskeletal disorders
-:- Metastatic bone tumours - Bone tumours
-:- Vasculitis
-:- Polymyalgia rheumatica - Vasculitis
-:- Temporal (giant cell) arteritis - Vasculitis
-:- Takayasu’s syndrome - Vasculitis
-:- Polyarteritis nodosa - Vasculitis
-:- Churg-Strauss syndrome (allergic granulomatosis)
-:- Buerger’s disease
-:- Henoch-Schonlein Purpura
-:- Raynaud’s disease and phenomenon
-:- Behc¸et’s syndrome

Dermatology and soft tissues


-:- Clinical - Dermatology and soft tissues
-:- Atopic eczema - Scaly lesions
-:- Contact dermatitis - Scaly lesions
-:- Seborrhoeic dermatitis - Scaly lesions
-:- Psoriasis - Scaly lesions
-:- Pityriasis rosea - Pityriases
-:- Pityriasis versicolor and Ichthyoses - Pityriases
-:- Erythema multiforme - Erythematous lesions
-:- Erythema nodosum - Erythematous lesions
-:- Urticaria - Erythematous lesions
-:- Lichen planus - Lichenoid lesions
-:- Lichen sclerosus - Lichenoid lesions
-:- Lichen simplex chronicus (neurodermatitis) - Lichenoid lesions
-:- Pemphigus - Bullous disorders
-:- Pemphigoid - Bullous disorders
-:- Dermatitis herpetiformis - Bullous disorders
-:- Acne vulgaris - Facial dermatoses
-:- Rosacea - Facial dermatoses
-:- Alopecia - Hair and nail disorders
-:- Hirsutism - Hair and nail disorders
-:- Hypertrichosis - Hair and nail disorders
-:- Impetigo - Bacterial infections
-:- Cellulitis - Bacterial infections
-:- Clostridial myonecrosis (gas gangrene) - Bacterial infections
-:- Leprosy - Bacterial infections
-:- Herpes simplex - Viral skin infections
-:- Herpes zoster (shingles) - Viral skin infections
-:- Human papillomavirus (viral warts) - Viral skin infections
-:- Candida albicans - Fungal skin infections
-:- Dermatophyte (ring worm) fungi - Fungal skin infections
-:- Head lice - Parasitic skin infections
-:- Scabies - Parasitic skin infections
-:- Seborrhoeic keratoses - Skin and soft tissue lumps
-:- Solar keratoses - Skin and soft tissue lumps
-:- Dermatofibromas - Skin and soft tissue lumps
-:- Benign naevi - Skin and soft tissue lumps
-:- Haemangiomas - Skin and soft tissue lumps
-:- Lipoma - Skin and soft tissue lumps
-:- Epidermoid cysts - Skin and soft tissue lumps
-:- Dermoid cysts - Skin and soft tissue lumps
-:- Ganglion - Skin and soft tissue lumps
-:- Basal cell carcinoma - Skin tumours
-:- Squamous cell carcinoma - Skin tumours
-:- Malignant melanoma - Skin tumours

Breast disorders


-:- Breast lumps - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Breast pain (mastalgia) - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Nipple discharge - Clinical Symptoms
-:- Imaging in breast disease - Investigations/procedures
-:- Breast tissue sampling - Investigations/procedures
-:- Breast reconstruction - Investigations/procedures
-:- Benign breast disease - Benign disorders of the breast
-:- Fibroadenoma - Benign disorders of the breast
-:- Breast cysts - Benign disorders of the breast
-:- Duct ectasia - Benign disorders of the breast
-:- Duct papilloma - Benign disorders of the breast
-:- Fat necrosis - Benign disorders of the breast
-:- Acute mastitis - Infections of the breast
-:- Breast cancer
-:- UK programme - Breast cancer screening

Endocrine system


-:- Principles of endocrine testing
-:- Introduction to the hypothalamus and pituitary
-:- Pituitary adenomas
-:- Hypopituitarism
-:- Dopamine and prolactin axis
-:- Hyperprolactinaemia - Dopamine and prolactin axis
-:- Growth axis
-:- Thyroid axis
-:- Multinodular goitre - Thyroid axis
-:- Solitary thyroid nodule - Thyroid axis
-:- Graves’ disease (primary thyrotoxicosis) - Thyroid axis
-:- Thyrotoxic crisis (storm) - Thyroid axis
-:- Hypothyroidism (myxoedema) - Thyroid axis
-:- Hashimoto’s disease (autoimmune thyroiditis) - Thyroid axis
-:- Myxoedema coma - Thyroid axis
-:- Papillary adenocarcinoma - Malignant tumours of the thyroid
-:- Follicular adenocarcinoma - Malignant tumours of the thyroid
-:- Medullary carcinoma - Malignant tumours of the thyroid
-:- Anaplastic carcinoma - Malignant tumours of the thyroid
-:- Thyroidectomy - Malignant tumours of the thyroid
-:- Adrenal axis
-:- Cushing’s syndrome - Adrenal axis
-:- Cushing’s disease - Adrenal axis
-:- Addison’s disease - Adrenal axis
-:- Addisonian crisis - Adrenal axis
-:- Conn’s syndrome - Adrenal axis
-:- Phaeochromocytoma - Adrenal axis
-:- Adrenalectomy - Adrenal axis
-:- Syndrome of inappropriate anti diuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) - Thirst axis
-:- Diabetes insipidus - Thirst axis
-:- Hyperparathyroidism - Disorders of the parathyroids
-:- Primary hyperparathyroidism - Disorders of the parathyroids
-:- Secondary hyperparathyroidism - Disorders of the parathyroids
-:- Tertiary hyperparathyroidism - Disorders of the parathyroids
-:- Hypoparathyroidism - Disorders of the parathyroids
-:- Pseudohypoparathyroidism - Disorders of the parathyroids
-:- Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) - Multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome
-:- Diabetes mellitus type 1
-:- Diabetes mellitus type 2
-:- Secondary diabetes mellitus
-:- Insulin therapy - Diabetes mellitus
-:- Diabetic microvascular disease - Complications of diabetes
-:- Diabetic microvascular disease - Complications of diabetes
-:- Diabetic nephropathy - Complications of diabetes
-:- Diabetic neuropathy - Complications of diabetes
-:- Symmetrical peripheral neuropathy - Complications of diabetes
-:- Focal and multifocal neuropathy - Complications of diabetes
-:- Autonomic neuropathy - Complications of diabetes
-:- Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) - Complications of diabetes
-:- Hyperosmolar, non-ketotic coma (HONK) - Complications of diabetes
-:- Hypoglycaemia - Complications of diabetes

Haematology and clinical Immunology


-:- Lymphadenopathy and Splenomegaly - Clinical Signs
-:- Bleeding tendency - Clinical Signs
-:- Full blood count - Investigations and procedures
-:- Coagulation screening tests - Investigations and procedures
-:- Bone marrow sampling - Investigations and procedures
-:- Haemopoeitic progenitor cell transplantation - Investigations and procedures
-:- Allergy testing - Investigations and procedures
-:- Anaemia
-:- Iron deficiency anaemia - Microcytic hypchromic anaemia
-:- Sideroblastic anaemia - Microcytic hypchromic anaemia
-:- Anaemia of chronic disease - Normocytic anaemia
-:- Macrocytic normoblastic anaemia - Macrocytic anaemia
-:- Megaloblastic anaemia - Macrocytic anaemia
-:- Vitamin B12 deficiency - Macrocytic anaemia
-:- Pernicious anaemia - Macrocytic anaemia
-:- Folate deficiency - Macrocytic anaemia
-:- Haemolytic anaemia - Macrocytic anaemia
-:- Hereditary spherocytosis - Inherited haemolytic anaemia
-:- Haemoglobinopathies
-:- Sickle cell anaemia
-:- α-Thalassaemia
-:- β-Thalassaemia
-:- Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency - Metabolic defects
-:- Autoimmune haemolytic anaemia - Acquired haemolytic anaemia
-:- Aplastic anaemia - Acquired haemolytic anaemia
-:- Malaria
-:- Myelodysplastic syndromes
-:- Myeloproliferative diseases
-:- Chronic myelogenous leukaemia
-:- Polycythaemia vera
-:- Myelofibrosis
-:- Essential thrombocythaemia
-:- Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) - Acute leukaemia
-:- Acute myeloid leukaemia - Acute leukaemia
-:- Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia - Chronic leukaemia
-:- Hodgkin’s disease - Lymphoma
-:- Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
-:- Multiple myeloma - Paraproteinaemias
-:- Waldenstrom macroglobulinaemia - Paraproteinaemias
-:- Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) - Paraproteinaemias
-:- Haemophilia A - Clotting disorders
-:- von Willebrand disease - Clotting disorders
-:- Haemophilia B - Clotting disorders
-:- Disseminated intravascular coagulation - Clotting disorders
-:- Vitamin K deficiency - Clotting disorders
-:- Acute immune thrombocytopenia purpura - Clotting disorders
-:- Chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura - Clotting disorders
-:- Thrombophilia - Thrombotic disorders
-:- Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia - Vascular causes of bleeding
-:- Transfusion medicine
-:- Hypersensitivity reactions - Allergy
-:- Urticaria Anaphylaxis - Allergy
-:- Hereditary angioedema - Allergy
-:- Human immunodeficiency virus and AIDS - HIV
-:- Kaposi’s sarcoma - HIV
-:- Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) - HIV

Nutritional and metabolic disorders


-:- Obesity - Nutritional disorders
-:- Malnutrition (including kwashiorkor and marasmus)
-:- Hyperlipidaemia
-:- Vitamin A deficiency
-:- Vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency
-:- Niacin (vitamin B3) deficiency (pellagra)
-:- Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) deficiency
-:- Vitamin C deficiency
-:- Amyloidosis - Metabolic disorders
-:- Porphyria - Metabolic disorders
-:- Hyperhomocysteinaemia - Metabolic disorders

Genetic syndromes


-:- Patterns of inheritance - Genetic syndromes
-:- Down syndrome - Genetic syndromes: Patterns of inheritance
-:- Klinefelter syndrome - Genetic syndromes: Patterns of inheritance
-:- Turner syndrome - Genetic syndromes: Patterns of inheritance

Overdose poisoning and addiction


-:- Alcohol abuse and dependence
-:- Opiate abuse and dependence
-:- Cocaine abuse and dependence
-:- Amphetamine abuse
-:- Ecstasy abuse
-:- Overview of acute poisoning - Overdose and poisoning
-:- Paracetamol poisoning - Overdose and poisoning
-:- Salicylate poisoning - Overdose and poisoning
-:- Iron overdose - Overdose and poisoning
-:- Tricyclic antidepressant overdose - Overdose and poisoning
-:- Lithium overdose - Overdose and poisoning
Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman Mahendra Varman

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