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Human Nervous System and Sensory Organs -

Human Nervous System and Sensory Organs

The Nervous System


-:- Development and Subdivision - Nervous System
-:- Functional Circuits - Nervous System
-:- Position of the Nervous System in the Body

Development and Structure of the Human Brain


-:- Development of the Brain
-:- Anatomy of the Human Brain
-:- Evolution of the Brain

Basic Elements of the Nervous System


-:- The Nerve Cell
-:- Methods in Neuroanatomy - The Nerve Cell
-:- Ultrastructure of the Nerve Cell
-:- The Synapse: Localization, Structure, Function
-:- Types of Synapses
-:- Neurotransmitters - The Synapse
-:- Axonal Transport - The Synapse
-:- Transmitter Receptors - The Synapse
-:- Synaptic Transmission - The Synapse
-:- Neuronal Systems
-:- Neuronal Circuits - Neuronal Systems
-:- The Nerve Fiber
-:- Ultrastructure of the Myelin Sheath - The Nerve Fiber
-:- Development of the Myelin Sheath in the PNS
-:- Development of Unmyelinated Nerve Fibers
-:- Structure of the Myelin Sheath in the CNS - The Nerve Fiber
-:- Peripheral Nerve - The Nerve Fiber
-:- Neuroglia
-:- Blood Vessels

Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves


-:- Overview of Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
-:- Structure of Spinal Cord
-:- Reflex Arcs - Spinal Cord
-:- Gray Substance and Intrinsic System - Spinal Cord
-:- Cross Sections of the Spinal Cord
-:- Ascending Pathways - Spinal Cord
-:- Descending Pathways - Spinal Cord
-:- Visualization of Pathways - Spinal Cord
-:- Blood Vessels of the Spinal Cord
-:- Spinal Ganglion and Posterior Root - Spinal Cord
-:- Spinal Meninges - Spinal Cord
-:- Segmental Innervation - Spinal Cord
-:- Spinal Cord Syndromes
-:- Peripheral Nerves
-:- Nerve Plexusus - Peripheral Nerves
-:- Cervical Plexus (C1 - C4) - Peripheral Nerves
-:- Posterior Branches - Peripheral Nerves
-:- Brachial Plexus - Peripheral Nerves
-:- Supraclavicular Part - Peripheral Nerves
-:- Infraclavicular Part - Peripheral Nerves
-:- Lateral Fascicle - Infraclavicular Part - Peripheral Nerves
-:- Medial Fascicle - Infraclavicular Part of Peripheral Nerves
-:- Posterior Fascicle - Infraclavicular Part of Peripheral Nerves
-:- Nerves of the Trunk - Peripheral Nerves
-:- Posterior Branches - Peripheral Nerves
-:- Anterior Branches - Peripheral Nerves
-:- Lumbosacral Plexus and Lumbar Plexus - Peripheral Nerves
-:- Sacral Plexus - Peripheral Nerves
-:- Sciatic Nerve
-:- Pudendal Nerve
-:- Sensory Innervation of Pelvis and Perineum

Brain Stem and Cranial Nerves


-:- Overview of Brain Stem and Cranial Nerves
-:- Longitudinal Organization of Brain Stem and Cranial Nerves
-:- Cranial Nerves
-:- Base of the Skull
-:- Cranial Nerve Nuclei
-:- Medulla Oblongata
-:- Cross Section at the Level of the Hypoglossal Nerve - Medulla Oblongata
-:- Cross Section at the Level of the Vagus Nerve - Medulla Oblongata
-:- Pons
-:- Cross Section at the Level of the Genu of the Facial Nerve
-:- Cross Section at the Level of the Trigeminal Nerve
-:- Hypoglossal Nerve - Cranial Nerves (V, VII - XII)
-:- Accessory Nerve - Cranial Nerves (V, VII - XII)
-:- Vagus Nerve - Cranial Nerves (V, VII - XII)
-:- Glossopharyngeal Nerve - Cranial Nerves (V, VII - XII)
-:- Vestibulocochlear Nerve - Cranial Nerves (V, VII - XII)
-:- Facial Nerve - Cranial Nerves (V, VII - XII)
-:- Facial Nerve - Cranial Nerves (V, VII - XII)
-:- Parasympathetic Ganglia
-:- Ciliary Ganglion
-:- Pterygopalatine Ganglion
-:- Otic Ganglion
-:- Submandibular Ganglion
-:- Structure of Midbrain
-:- Cross Section Through the Inferior Colliculi of the Midbrain
-:- Cross Section Through the Superior Colliculi of the Midbrain
-:- Cross Section Through the Pretectal Region of the Midbrain
-:- Red Nucleus and Substantia Nigra
-:- Eye-Muscle Nerves (Cranial Nerves III, IV, and VI)
-:- Abducens Nerve - Eye Muscle Nerves
-:- Trochlear Nerve - Eye Muscle Nerves
-:- Oculomotor Nerve - Eye Muscle Nerves
-:- Corticospinal Tract and Corticonuclear Fibers
-:- Medial Lemniscus
-:- Medial Longitudinal Fasciculus
-:- Internuclear Connections of the Trigeminal Nuclei
-:- Central Tegmental Tract
-:- Posterior Longitudinal Fasciculus
-:- Reticular Formation
-:- Histochemistry of the Brain Stem

Cerebellum


-:- Subdivision - Structure of Cerebellum
-:- Cerebellar Peduncles and Nuclei - Structure of Cerebellum
-:- Cerebellar Cortex - Structure of Cerebellum
-:- Neuronal Circuits - Structure of Cerebellum
-:- Functional Organization of Cerebellum
-:- Inferior Cerebellar Peduncle (Restiform Body)
-:- Middle Cerebellar Peduncle (Brachium Pontis)
-:- Superior Cerebellar Peduncle (Brachium conjunctivum)

Diencephalon


-:- Development of the Prosencephalon
-:- Telodiencephalic Boundary
-:- Structure of Diencephalon
-:- Subdivision of Diencephalon's Structure
-:- Frontal Section at the Level of the Optic Chasm
-:- Frontal Section Through the Tuber Cinereum
-:- Frontal Section at the Level of the Mamillary Bodies
-:- Epithalamus
-:- Habenula - Epithalamus
-:- Pineal Gland - Epithalamus
-:- Dorsal Thalamus
-:- Specific Thalamic Nuclei - Dorsal Thalamus
-:- Nonspecific Thalamic Nuclei - Dorsal Thalamus
-:- Anterior Nuclear Group - Dorsal Thalamus
-:- Medial Nuclear Group - Dorsal Thalamus
-:- Centromedian Nucleus - Dorsal Thalamus
-:- Lateral Nuclear Group - Dorsal Thalamus
-:- Ventral Nuclear Group - Dorsal Thalamus
-:- Lateral Geniculate Body - Dorsal Thalamus
-:- Medial Geniculate Body - Dorsal Thalamus
-:- Pulvinar - Dorsal Thalamus
-:- Frontal Section Through the Rostral Thalamus
-:- Frontal Section Through the Caudal Thalamus
-:- Subthalamus
-:- Subdivision in Subthalamus
-:- Responses to Stimulation of the Subthalamus
-:- Hypothalamus
-:- Poorly Myelinated Hypothalamus
-:- Richly Myelinated Hypothalamus
-:- Vascular Supply - Hypothalamus
-:- Fiber Connections of the Poorly Myelinated Hypothalamus
-:- Fiber Connections of the Richly Myelinated Hypothalamus
-:- Functional Topography of the Hypothalamus
-:- Hypothalamus and Hypophysis
-:- Development and Subdivision of the Hypophysis
-:- Infundibulum
-:- Blood Vessels of the Hypophysis
-:- Neuroendocrine System

Telencephalon


-:- Telencephalon
-:- Subdivision of the Hemisphere - Telencephalon
-:- Rotation of the Hemisphere - Telencephalon
-:- Evolution - Telencephalon
-:- Cerebral Lobes - Telencephalon
-:- Frontal Sections of Brain Through the Telencephalon
-:- Horizontal Sections of Brain Through the Telencephalon
-:- Paleocortex
-:- Amygdaloid Body
-:- Fiber Connections - Paleocortex and Amygdaloid Body
-:- Archicortex
-:- Archicortex's Subdivision and Functional Significance
-:- Ammon’s Horn
-:- Fiber Connections in Archicortex
-:- Hippocampal Cortex
-:- Neostriatum
-:- Insula
-:- Neocortex: Cortical Layers
-:- Neocortex: Vertical Columns
-:- Cell Types of the Neocortex
-:- Neocortex: The Module Concept
-:- Neocortex: Cortical Areas
-:- Neocortex: Frontal Lobe
-:- Neocortex: Parietal Lobe
-:- Neocortex: Temporal Lobe
-:- Neocortex: Occipital Lobe
-:- Neocortex: Fiber Tracts
-:- Neocortex: Hemispheric Asymmetry
-:- Imaging Procedures of Brain Telencephalon

Brains Cerebrovascular and Ventricular Systems


-:- Arteries - Cerebrovascular Systems
-:- Internal Carotid Artery - Cerebrovascular Systems
-:- Areas of Blood Supply - Cerebrovascular Systems
-:- Veins - Cerebrovascular and Ventricular Systems
-:- Superficial Cerebral Veins
-:- Deep Cerebral Veins
-:- Cerebrospinal Fluid Spaces
-:- Choroid Plexus - Cerebrospinal Fluid Spaces
-:- Ependyma - Cerebrospinal Fluid Spaces
-:- Circumventricular Organs - Cerebrospinal Fluid Spaces
-:- Meninges - Brain
-:- Dura Mater - Brain's Meninges
-:- Arachnoid Mater - Brain's Meninges
-:- Pia Mater - Brain's Meninges

Autonomic Nervous System


-:- Autonomic Nervous System
-:- Central Autonomic System - Autonomic Nervous System
-:- Peripheral Autonomic Nervous System
-:- Adrenergic and Cholinergic Systems - Autonomic Nervous System
-:- Neuronal Circuit - Autonomic Nervous System
-:- Sympathetic Trunk
-:- Cervical and Upper Thoracic Segments
-:- Lower Thoracic and Abdominal Segments
-:- Innervation of the Skin
-:- Autonomic Periphery of Autonomic Nervous System
-:- Efferent and Afferent Fibers - Autonomic Periphery
-:- Intramural Plexus
-:- Autonomic Neurons: Structure and Signal Transmission

Functional Systems


-:- Brain Function
-:- Corticospinal Tract - Motor Systems
-:- Extrapyramidal Motor System
-:- Motor End Plate
-:- Tendon Organ - Motor Systems
-:- Muscle Spindle - Motor Systems
-:- Common Terminal Motor Pathway
-:- Cutaneous Sensory Organs
-:- Pathway of the Epicritic Sensibility
-:- Pathway of the Protopathic Sensibility
-:- Gustatory Organ: Taste Buds, Taste Fibers
-:- Olfactory Organ
-:- Limbic System
-:- Cingulate Gyrus - Limbic System
-:- Septal Area - Limbic System

The Eye


-:- Eyelids - Structure of the Eye
-:- Lacrimal Apparatus - Structure of the Eye
-:- Orbital cavity (eye socket) - Structure of the Eye
-:- Muscles of the Eyeball - Structure of the Eye
-:- Eyeball: Development, Structure
-:- Anterior Part of the Eye
-:- Cornea - Structure of the Eye
-:- Anterior Chamber of the Eye
-:- Iris - Structure of the Eye
-:- Ciliary Body - Structure of the Eye
-:- Lens of the Eye - Structure of the Eye
-:- Vascular Supply - Structure of the Eye
-:- Fundus of the Eye
-:- Retina: Neural Layer, Structures, Neuronal Circuits - Structure of the Eye
-:- Optic Nerve - Structure of the Eye
-:- Photoreceptors - Structure of the Eye
-:- Visual Pathway - Eye
-:- Topographic Organization of the Visual Pathway - Eye
-:- Ocular Reflexes - Eye

The Ear


-:- Structure of The Ear
-:- Outer Ear - Structure of The Ear
-:- Middle Ear - Structure of The Ear
-:- Tympanic Cavity - Structure of Middle Ear
-:- Auditory Ossicles - Structure of Middle Ear
-:- Medial Wall of the Tympanic Cavity
-:- Muscles of the Tympanic Cavity
-:- Inner Ear - Structure of The Ear
-:- Cochlea - Structure of The Ear
-:- Organ of Corti - Structure of The Ear
-:- Vestibular Apperatus - Structure of The Ear
-:- Acoustic maculae and its function
-:- Vestibular Sensory Cells - Structure of The Ear
-:- Auditory Pathway of The Ear
-:- Vestibular Pathways of The Ear