Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology

Online Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki and important questions and answers

Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology

The Human Organism


=> Anatomy
=> Physiology
=> Structural and Functional Organization of the Human Body
=> Characteristics of Life
=> Microbesin Your Body
=> Homeostasis
=> Terminology and the Body Plan

The chemical basis of life


=> Basic Chemistry
=> Chemical reactions - Human Organism
=> Acids and Bases
=> Inorganic Molecules
=> Organic Molecules

Cell Structures and their Functions


=> Cell Structure
=> Function of the cell
=> Structure of the Cell membrane
=> Movement through the cell membrane
=> Organelles - Cell Structures and their Functions
=> Whole cell activity
=> Cellular aspects of aging

Tissues


=> Tissues and Histology
=> Epithelial Tissue
=> Functions of Epithelia
=> Classification of Epithelia
=> Connective tissue
=> Functions of Connective Tissue
=> Muscle tissue
=> Nervous tissue
=> Tissue membranes
=> Tissue damage and inflammation
=> Tissue repair
=> Effects of aging on tissues

Integumentary System


=> Functions of the Integumentary System
=> Skin
=> Subcutaneous Tissue
=> Accessory skin structures
=> Physiology of the integumentary system
=> Integumentary system as a diagnostic Aid
=> Burns: Classify burns on the basis of the amount of skin damage produced
=> Skin Cancer
=> Effects of Aging on the Integumentary System

Skeletal System Bones and Joints


=> Functions of the Skeletal System
=> Extracellular Matrix
=> General Features of Bone
=> Bone and calcium homeostasis
=> General Considerations of Bone Anatomy
=> Axial Skeleton
=> Appendicular Skeleton
=> Joints
=> Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints

Muscular System


=> Functions of the Muscular System
=> Characteristics of Skeletal Muscle
=> Skeletal Muscle Structure
=> Excitability of Muscle Fibers
=> Nerve Supply and Muscle fiber Stimulation
=> Muscle Contraction
=> Energy Requirements for Muscle Contraction
=> Fatigue
=> Effect of Fiber Type on Activity Level
=> Smooth Muscle and Cardiac Muscle
=> General Principles - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy
=> Nomenclature - Skeletal Muscle Anatomy
=> Muscles of the head and Neck
=> Trunk Muscles
=> Upper limb Muscles
=> Lower Limb Muscles
=> Effects of Aging on Skeletal Muscle

Nervous System


=> Functions of the Nervous System
=> Divisions of the Nervous System
=> Cells of the Nervous System
=> Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways
=> Resting Membrane Potential - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways
=> Action Potentials - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways
=> The Synapse - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways
=> Reflexes - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways
=> Neuronal Pathways - Electrical Signals and Neural Pathways
=> Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems
=> Spinal Cord and Spinal Cord Reflexes
=> Spinal Nerves
=> Brain Anatomy
=> Sensory Functions
=> Motor Functions: Motor Areas Of The Cerebral Cortex, Descending tracts, Cerebellum
=> Communication Between the right and Left hemispheres - Brain Functions
=> Speech - Brain Functions
=> Brain waves and Consciousness - Brain Functions
=> Memory - Brain Functions
=> Limbic system and emotions - Brain Functions
=> Meninges - Nervous System
=> Ventricles - Nervous System
=> Cerebrospinal fluid - Nervous System
=> Cranial Nerves
=> Autonomic Nervous System
=> Enteric Nervous System
=> Effects of Aging on the Nervous System

Senses


=> Sensation
=> Sensory Receptors
=> General Senses
=> Special Senses
=> Olfaction
=> Taste
=> Vision
=> Accessory Structures of the Eye
=> Anatomy of the Eye
=> Functions of the Eye
=> Neuronal Pathways for Vision
=> Hearing and Balance
=> Anatomy and function of the Ear
=> Hearing - Ear
=> Neuronal Pathways for Hearing
=> Balance - Ear
=> Neuronal Pathways for Balance - Ear
=> Effects of Aging on the Senses

Endocrine System


=> Principles of Chemical Communication
=> Functions of the Endocrine System
=> Characteristics of the Endocrine System
=> Chemical Nature of Hormones
=> Control of Hormone Secretion
=> Hormone Receptors and Mechanisms of Action
=> Pituitary and hypothalamus - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
=> Thyroid Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
=> Parathyroid Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
=> Adrenal Glands - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
=> Pancreas, Insulin, and Diabetes - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
=> Testes and Ovaries - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
=> Thymus and Pineal Gland - Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
=> Other Hormones
=> Effects of Aging on the Endocrine System

Blood


=> Functions of Blood
=> Composition of Blood
=> Plasma
=> Formed Elements - Blood
=> Preventing Blood Loss
=> Blood Grouping
=> ABO Blood Group
=> Rh Blood Group
=> Diagnostic Blood Tests

Heart


=> Functions of the Heart
=> Size, Form, and Location of the Heart
=> Anatomy of the Heart
=> Heart valves
=> Route of Blood Flow Through the Heart
=> Blood Supply to the Heart
=> Histology of the Heart
=> Electrical Activity of the Heart
=> Cardiac Cycle
=> Heart Sounds
=> Regulation of Heart Function
=> Effects of Aging on the Heart

Blood Vessels and Circulation


=> Functions of the Circulatory System
=> General Features of Blood Vessel Structure
=> Blood Vessels of the Pulmonary Circulation
=> Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Arteries
=> Blood Vessels of the Systemic Circulation: Veins
=> Physiology of Circulation
=> Control of Blood Flow in Tissues
=> Regulation of Arterial Pressure
=> Effects of Aging on the Blood Vessels

Lymphatic System and Immunity


=> Functions of the Lymphatic System
=> Anatomy of the Lymphatic System
=> Immunity
=> Innate Immunity
=> Adaptive Immunity
=> Origin and Development of Lymphocytes
=> Activation and Multiplication of Lymphocytes
=> Antibody-mediated immunity
=> Cell-Mediated Immunity
=> Acquired Immunity
=> Overview of Immune Interactions
=> Immunotherapy
=> Effects of Aging on the Lymphatic System and Immunity

Respiratory System


=> Functions of the Respiratory System
=> Anatomy of the Respiratory System
=> Nose - Anatomy of the Respiratory System
=> Pharynx - Anatomy of the Respiratory System
=> Larynx - Anatomy of the Respiratory System
=> Trachea - Anatomy of the Respiratory System
=> Bronchi - Anatomy of the Respiratory System
=> Lungs - Anatomy of the Respiratory System
=> Pleural Cavities - Anatomy of the Respiratory System
=> Lymphatic Supply - Anatomy of the Respiratory System
=> Ventilation and Respiratory Volumes
=> Changing thoracic Volume
=> Lung Recoil
=> Changing Alveolar Volume
=> Respiratory Volumes and Capacities
=> Gas Exchange - Respiratory System
=> Gas Transport in the Blood
=> Rhythmic Breathing
=> Generation of Rhythmic Breathing
=> Nervous and Chemical Control of Breathing
=> Effect of Exercise on Breathing
=> Respiratory Adaptations to Exercise
=> Effects of Aging on the Respiratory System

Digestive System


=> Functions of the Digestive System
=> Anatomy and Histology of the Digestive System
=> Anatomy of Oral Cavity, Pharynx, and Esophagus
=> Anatomy of the oral Cavity
=> Saliva
=> Swallowing - Digestive System
=> Stomach
=> Anatomy of the Stomach
=> Secretions of the Stomach
=> Regulation of Stomach Secretions
=> Movement in the Stomach
=> Anatomy of the Small intestine
=> Secretions of the Small intestine
=> Movement and Absorption in the Small Intestine
=> Anatomy of the liver
=> Functions of the Liver
=> Anatomy and Functions of the Pancreas
=> Anatomy of the large intestine
=> Functions of the Large Intestine
=> Digestion, Absorption, and Transport in Digestive System
=> Effects of Aging on the Digestive System

Nutrition Metabolism and body Temperature Regulation


=> Nutrition and Nutrients
=> Kilocalories
=> Carbohydrates - Human Nutrition
=> Lipids - Human Nutrition
=> Proteins - Human Nutrition
=> Vitamins - Human Nutrition
=> Minerals - Human Nutrition
=> Daily Values - Human Nutrition
=> Metabolism
=> Regulation of Metabolism
=> Carbohydrate Metabolism
=> Lipid Metabolism
=> Protein Metabolism
=> Metabolic States
=> Metabolic Rate
=> Body Temperature Regulation

Urinary System and Fluid Balance


=> Functions of the Urinary System
=> Anatomy of the Kidneys
=> Urine Production
=> Filtration - Urine Production
=> Regulation of Filtration - Urine Production
=> Tubular Reabsorption - Urine Production
=> Tubular Secretion - Urine Production
=> Regulation of Urine Concentration and Volume
=> Urine Movement
=> Body Fluid Compartments
=> Regulation of Extracellular Fluid Composition
=> Regulation of Acid-Base Balance in Human Body

Reproductive System


=> Functions of the Reproductive System
=> Formation of Gametes
=> Male Reproductive System
=> Physiology of Male Reproduction
=> Regulation of Reproductive Hormone Secretion
=> Puberty In Males
=> Effects of Testosterone
=> Male Sexual Behavior and The Male Sex Act
=> Infertility in Males
=> Female Reproductive System
=> Ovaries - Female Reproductive System
=> Oogenesis and Fertilization - Female Reproductive System
=> Uterine tubes - Female Reproductive System
=> Uterus - Female Reproductive System
=> Vagina - Female Reproductive System
=> Mammary Glands and Anatomy of the Breast - Female Reproductive System
=> Physiology of Female Reproduction
=> Puberty in Females
=> Menstrual Cycle
=> Female sexual Behavior and the Female sex act
=> Effects of Aging on the Reproductive System

Development Heredity and aging


=> Prenatal Development
=> Formation of the Germ - Prenatal Development
=> Neural tube and neural Crest Formation - Prenatal Development
=> Formation of the General Body structure - Prenatal Development
=> Development of the Organ Systems - Prenatal Development
=> Growth of the Fetus - Prenatal Development
=> Parturition
=> The Newborn
=> Lactation
=> First Year Following Birth
=> Life Stages
=> Genetics
=> Genes
=> Genetic Disorders and Counseling



Copyright © 2018-2020 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.