Go to All Subject -

Essential Microbiology -

Essential Microbiology

Microbiology


-:- What is microbiology?
-:- Why is microbiology important?
-:- How do we know? Microbiology in perspective: to the ‘golden age’ and beyond
-:- Light microscopy
-:- Electron microscopy

Biochemical Principles


-:- Atomic structure
-:- Isotopes
-:- Chemical bonds
-:- Acids, bases, and pH
-:- Biomacromolecules
-:- Carbohydrates - Biomacromolecules
-:- Proteins - Biomacromolecules
-:- Higher levels of protein structure
-:- Nucleic acids: Structure of DNA and RNA
-:- Lipids - Biomacromolecules

Cell Structure and Organisation


-:- Cell Structure and Organisation
-:- The procaryotic cell and its structure
-:- Eucaryotic cell Structure
-:- Cell division in procaryotes and eucaryotes

Microbial Nutrition and Cultivation


-:- Microbial Nutrition and Cultivation
-:- Microbial Nutritional categories
-:- How do Microbial nutrients get into the microbial cell?
-:- Laboratory cultivation of microorganisms

Microbial Growth


-:- Estimation of microbial numbers
-:- Factors affecting microbial growth
-:- The kinetics of microbial growth
-:- Growth in multicellular microorganisms

Microbial Metabolism


-:- Why is energy needed?
-:- Enzymes
-:- Principles of energy generation
-:- Oxidation - reduction reactions
-:- Glycolysis
-:- Aerobic respiration
-:- Oxidative phosphorylation and the electron transport chain
-:- Fermentation
-:- Metabolism of lipids and proteins
-:- Anaerobic respiration
-:- Energy may be generated by the oxidation of inorganic molecules
-:- Photosynthesis
-:- Anoxygenic photosynthesis
-:- Anabolic reactions
-:- Regulation of metabolism

Microbial Diversity


-:- A few words about Microbial Classification

Procaryote Diversity


-:- Procaryote Diversity
-:- Domain: Archaea : Classification and General features
-:- Phylum: Proteobacteria
-:- Photosynthetic Proteobacteria
-:- Nitrifying Proteobacteria
-:- Iron- and sulphur-oxidising Proteobacteria
-:- Hydrogen-oxidising Proteobacteria
-:- Nitrogen-fixing Proteobacteria
-:- Methanotrophic Proteobacteria
-:- Sulphate- and sulphur-reducing Proteobacteria
-:- Enteric Proteobacteria
-:- Vibrio and related genera
-:- Pseudomonads
-:- Acetic acid bacteria
-:- Stalked and budding Proteobacteria
-:- Sheathed Proteobacteria
-:- Predatory Proteobacteria
-:- Spirilla
-:- Rickettsia
-:- Phylum Cyanobacteria: the blue-green bacteria
-:- Phylum Chlorobi (green sulphur bacteria) and phylum Chloroflexi (green non-sulphur bacteria)
-:- Phylum Aquificae and phylum Thermotogae: the deeply branching bacteria
-:- Phylum ‘Deinococcus-Thermus’
-:- Phylum Planctomycetes
-:- Phylum Chlamydiae
-:- Phylum Spirochaetes
-:- Phylum Bacteroidetes
-:- Phylum: Verrucomicrobia
-:- The Gram-positive bacteria: phylum Firmicutes and phylum Actinobacteria
-:- Phylum Firmicutes: The low GC Gram-positive bacteria
-:- Phylum Actinobacteria: The high GC Gram-positive bacteria
-:- Bacteria and human disease

Fungi


-:- General biology of the Fungi
-:- Classification of the Fungi
-:- Fungi and disease

Protista


-:- The Algae
-:- Structural characteristics of algal protists
-:- Euglenophyta - Structural characteristics of algal protists
-:- Dinoflagellata - Structural characteristics of algal protists
-:- Diatoms - Structural characteristics of algal protists
-:- Chlorophyta - Structural characteristics of algal protists
-:- Phaeophyta - Structural characteristics of algal protists
-:- Rhodophyta - Structural characteristics of algal protists
-:- Protozoa
-:- Zooflagellates (Mastigophora) - Protozoa
-:- Ciliates (Ciliophora) - Protozoa
-:- Amoebas (Sarcodina) - Protozoa
-:- Sporozoans (Apicomplexa) - Protozoa
-:- The slime moulds and water moulds (the fungus-like protists)
-:- Protistan taxonomy: a modern view

Viruses


-:- What are viruses?
-:- Viral structure
-:- Classification of viruses
-:- Viral replication cycles
-:- Replication cycles in bacteriophages
-:- Replication cycles in animal viruses
-:- Replication of RNA viruses
-:- Replication cycles in plant viruses
-:- Viroids
-:- Prions
-:- Cultivating viruses
-:- Viral diseases in humans

Microbial Genetics


-:- How do we know genes are made of DNA?
-:- DNA replication
-:- DNA replication in procaryotes
-:- What happens when replication goes wrong?
-:- DNA replication in eucaryotes
-:- What exactly do genes do?
-:- Regulation of gene expression
-:- Molecular basis of mutations
-:- Genetic transfer in microorganisms

Microorganisms in Genetic Engineering


-:- Microorganisms in Genetic Engineering
-:- Plasmid cloning vectors
-:- Bacteriophages as cloning vectors
-:- Expression vectors - Microorganisms in Genetic Engineering
-:- Eucaryotic cloning vectors
-:- Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

The Control of Microorganisms


-:- Sterilisation - Control of Microorganisms
-:- Sterilisation by heat - Control of Microorganisms
-:- Sterilisation by irradiation - Control of Microorganisms
-:- Sterilisation using ethylene oxide - Control of Microorganisms
-:- Disinfection - Control of Microorganisms
-:- Kinetics of cell death

Antimicrobial Agents


-:- Antimicrobial Agents
-:- Antibiotics
-:- What other properties should an antibiotic have?
-:- How do antibiotics work?
-:- Resistance to antibiotics
-:- How does antibiotic resistance work?
-:- How does antibiotic resistance arise?
-:- Antibiotic susceptibility testing
-:- Antifungal and antiviral agents

Microbial Associations


-:- Microbial associations with animals
-:- Microbial associations with plants
-:- Microbial associations with other microorganisms

Microorganisms in the Environment


-:- Microorganisms in the Environment
-:- The carbon cycle - Microorganisms in the Environment
-:- The nitrogen cycle - Microorganisms in the Environment
-:- The sulphur cycle - Microorganisms in the Environment
-:- Phosphorus - Microorganisms in the Environment
-:- Microbiology of soil
-:- Microbiology of freshwater
-:- Microbiology of seawater
-:- Beneficial effects of microorganisms in the environment
-:- Harmful effects of microorganisms in the environment

Industrial and Food Microbiology


-:- Microorganisms and food
-:- Microorganisms as food
-:- Microbial spoilage of food
-:- Microorganisms in the production of biochemicals
-:- Products derived from genetically engineered microorganisms
-:- Microorganisms in the mining industry