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Chapter: 11th 12th standard bio zoology Human Body higher secondary school

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Types of Endoscopy

Endoscopy is a method of examining the interior of a body cavity or hollow organ (e.g., oesophagus, stomach) using an endoscope, a narrow, flexible fiber optic instrument that conducts light.

Endoscopy (Laproscopy) techniques

 

Endoscopy is a method of examining the interior of a body cavity or hollow organ (e.g., oesophagus, stomach) using an endoscope, a narrow, flexible fiber optic instrument that conducts light. Until recently, surgery was the most traditional of medical practices, employing techniques and instruments developed more than a century ago, but now patients have a new choice.

 

Endoscopy is a minimally invasive approach to sugery of various parts It accomplishes traditional surgical goals while delivering less pain, faster recovery, and happier patients.The procedure does not require hospital admission and acute care and observation may be performed outside the premises of a hospital. Outpatient procedures performed at hospitals or ambulatory centers allow the patient to go home or return to work within a short period after endoscopic diagnosis.

 

Types of Endoscopy

 

1.Bronchoscopy: (trachea and lung's bronchial trees)

 2.Colonoscopy: (colon and large intestine)

 3.Colpscopy: (vagina and cervix)

4. Cystoscopy: (bladder,urethra, urinary tract, uteral orifices, and prostate (men)

 5.Gastroscopy: (Oesophagus, stomach,and intestine)

 6.Laryngoscopy: (larynx or voice box)

 7.Proctoscopy: (rectum and sigmoid colon)

 8.   Thoracoscopy: (pleura, pleural spaces, mediastinum, and pericardium).

 9.  Laparoscopy: (stomach, liver and other abdominal organs including the female reproductive organs, for example, the fallopian tubes.)

 10.           Arthroscopy: (joints such as knee)

 

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