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Chapter: Medical Surgical Nursing: Assessment and Management of Patients With Endocrine Disorders

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Thyroid Tumors - Management of Patients With Thyroid Disorders

If the enlargement is sufficient to cause a visible swelling in the neck, the tumor is referred to as a goiter.

THYROID TUMORS

 

Tumors of the thyroid gland are classified on the basis of being benign or malignant, the presence or absence of associated thy-rotoxicosis, and the diffuse or irregular quality of the glandular enlargement. If the enlargement is sufficient to cause a visible swelling in the neck, the tumor is referred to as a goiter.

 

All grades of goiter are encountered, from those that are barely visible to those producing disfigurement. Some are symmetric and diffuse; others are nodular. Some are accompanied by hyper-thyroidism, in which case they are described as toxic; others are associated with a euthyroid state and are called nontoxic goiters.

 

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