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Chapter: 10th Mathematics : Algebra

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Solving a Quadratic Equation by Completing the Square Method

Solving a Quadratic Equation by Completing the Square Method, Solving a Quadratic Equation by Formula Method

Solving a Quadratic Equation by Completing the Square Method

In deriving the formula for the roots of a quadratic equation we used completing the squares method. The same technique can be applied in solving any given quadratic equation through the following steps

Step 1 Write the quadratic equation in general form ax2 + bx +c = 0 .

Step 2 Divide both sides of the equation by the coefficient of x2 if it is not 1.

Step 3 Shift the constant term to the right hand side.

Step 4 Add the square of one-half of the coefficient of x to both sides.

Step 5 Write the left hand side as a square and simplify the right hand side.

Step 6 Take the square root on both sides and solve for x.

 

Example 3.31 

Solve x2 3x 2 = 0

Solution

x2 − 3x − 2 = 0

x2 - 3x = 2 (Shifting the Constant to RHS)


 

Example 3.32

Solve 2x 2x −1 = 0

Solution 2x2x −1 = 0



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