Plant made nutritional compounds (PMNs)
Plants can provide most of the nutrients required in the human diet. However, major crops have been found to be deficient in one or the other nutrients. The advances in genetic modifications have made it possible to enhance the nutritional quality of the plants (Galili et al., 2002; Zimmermann and Hurrell, 2002). Several technical advances have been made from earlier attempts to simultaneously manipulating multiple steps in plant metabolic pathways and in constructing novel, multi-enzyme pathways in plant tissues (Kinney, 2006; Sandmann et al., 2006; Wu et al., 2005). In the last few years, a lot of progress has been made in the field of biofortification, specifically palnts with higher β-carotene, lycopene, vitamins, flavonoids, resveratrol, polyamines, nutraceuticals, amino acids, nutritional proteins, minerals, fatty acids, and carbohydrates are being produced.
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