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Chapter: BIOLOGY (ZOOLOGY) Standard XI first year 11th text book Assignment topics question and answer Explanation Definition

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Phylum Mollusca and Phylum Echinodermata

Phylum Mollusca and Phylum Echinodermata
It is a very successful and diverse group of animals. Considered to be the second largest group of animals with regard to species number. These are soft bodied animals without segmentation. The body is divided into head, muscular foot and visceral mass. The body is covered by a mantle and a shell.

Phylum Mollusca :-

 

It is a very successful and diverse group of animals. Considered to be the second largest group of animals with regard to species number. These are soft bodied animals without segmentation. The body is divided into headmuscular foot and visceral mass. The body is covered by a mantle and a shell.

 

Respiration happens through gills (ctinidia) in the mantle cavity. The most common larva is a trochophore larva.

 

There are seven classes of which three are more prominent.

 

Class Pelecypoda or Bivalvia :- These are aquatic molluscs having bivalves. They burrow in mud and sand . The body is laterally compressed . (eg) musselsclamsoysters.

 

Class Gastropoda :- These are either aquatic or terrestrial molluscs. They posses a spiral shell.

 

The foot is large and flat. They have well developed head with tentacles and eyes. (eg) snailsslugs, and limpets.

 

Class Cephalopoda :- These are mostly marine. They are adapted for swimming. The foot is modified into eight to ten long tentacles in the head region. The shell is either internal or absent. (eg) OctopusLoligoSepia.


 Class Pelecypoda or Bivalvia :- These are aquatic molluscs having bivalves. They burrow in mud and sand . The body is laterally compressed . (eg) musselsclamsoysters.



Phylum Echinodermata :- 

These are marine organisms. While the adults are radially symmetrical the larvae remain bilaterally symmetrical. The mouth is on the lower surface. They have a water vascular system with tube feet. eg. star fishesbrittle starssea urchins and sea-cucumbers.

 





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