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Chapter: 10th Mathematics : Algebra

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Multiplication of Matrix by a Scalar

We can multiply the elements of the given matrix A by a non-zero number k to obtain a new matrix kA whose elements are multiplied by k. The matrix kA is called scalar multiplication of A.

Multiplication of Matrix by a Scalar

We can multiply the elements of the given matrix A by a non-zero number k to obtain a new matrix kA whose elements are multiplied by k. The matrix kA is called scalar multiplication of A.

Thus if A = (aij )m ×n  then , kA = (kaij )m ×n  for all i = 1,2,…,m and for all j = 1,2,…,n.

 

Example 3.60

If A =  then Find 2A+B.

Solution

Since A and B have same order 3 ×3 , 2A + B is defined.


 

Example 3.61


Solution

Since A, B are of the same order 3 ×3 , subtraction of 4A and 3B is defined.



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