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Civil - Highway Engineering - Highway Planning and Alignment

Lucknow road congress 1984

   Posted On :  25.07.2016 05:32 pm

This plan has been prepared keeping in view the growth pattern envisaged in various fields by the turn of the century.

Lucknow road congress 1984


This plan has been prepared keeping in view the growth pattern envisaged in various fields by the turn of the century. Some of the salient features of this plan are as given below:


        This was the third 20 year road plan (1981-2001). It is also called Lucknow road plan.


        It aimed at constructing a road length of 12 lakh kilometres by the year 1981 resulting in a road density of 82kms/100 sq.km


        The plan has set the target length of NH to be completed by the end of seventh, eighth and ninth five year plan periods.


        It aims at improving the transportation facilities in villages, towns etc. such that no part of country is farther than 50 km from NH.


        One of the goals contained in the plan was that expressways should be constructed on major traffic corridors to provide speedy travel.


        Energy conservation, environmental quality of roads and road safety measures were also given due importance in this plan.



1.      (i) State the construction steps of Macadam method of road formation.

(ii) Compare with Telford road construction.


2.    How urban and rural roads are classified? Explain.


3.    State and explain the various types of kerbs.


4.    (i) What are the requirements of an ideal highway alignment? Discuss briefly. (ii)Compare Conventional methods with modern methods in Highway.

5.    (i) Discuss in detail about the obligatory points controlling highway alignment.

(ii) Explain


1. GIS         2. GPS        3. Remote sensing          4. Total station


6.      Define MORTH. Write the importance of MORTH.


7.      (i) Briefly explain the role of MORTH and IRC in highway development.

(ii) State and explain the economic factors influencing highway alignments.


8.    Draw typical cross sections of urban and rural roads.


9.    Draw a neat sketch and explain the cross section of an urban arterial.


10.            With a neat sketch explain the cross-sectional elements of a 2 lane rural road on embankment.


11.            Write the salient features of Nagpur Road plan.


12.            Describe the various steps in a highway project.


13.            Explain the different components of the National Highway Development Programme (NHDP).


14.            Describe the classification of urban roads in India. Give the cross section of urban Arterial Street with all its features.


15.            (i) Explain the activities of National Highway Authority of India.


(ii) Explain the procedure for carrying out road alignment using remote sensing and GIS technique.

16.            Compare the three 'Twenty year road development plan' in India. Also discuss the merits of each one of them.

17.            Explain in detail about second twenty year road plan.


18. Write a brief notes on:


a. Central Road Fund (CRF). b. Indian Roads Congress (IRC).


c. Motor vehicle act.                  d. Central Road Research Institute (CRRI).


e. Highway Research Board (HRB). f. Nagpur road plan. g. National Highway Authority of India (NHAI).

Tags : Civil - Highway Engineering - Highway Planning and Alignment
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