Establishment of League of Nations
The out break of the First World War made the leaders of the world to establish an international organisation for preventing future wars. The Treaty of Versailles also provided a Covenant for the establishment of an international organisation to maintain peace and security in the world. The founder of this organization was President Woodrow Wilson of USA. It was his idea to create a world organization to maintain peace and prevent future wars. President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points underline the creation of a general association of nations. It was Woodrow Wilson who worked hard during Paris negotiations to bring about the birth of theLeague of Nations. The League was actually established in 1920 and its head quarters was shifted from Paris to Geneva in Switzerland. Thus, the League of Nations came into being. However, League failed to prevent the Second World War.
The League aimed at preventing wars through peaceful settlement of disputes among member nations. Secondly it desired to preserve and protect the independence of member-nations by promoting international understanding and co-operation.
The League set upon itself the task of achieving the above aims through its organs-mainly the Assembly and the Council. To begin with, all those powers who worked for the defeat of Germany and her allies became the members of the League.
This supreme body consisted of the representatives of the various states which were the members of the League. Every member state was given the right of one vote in the Assembly. All decisions of the Assembly were required to be unanimous. It acted as International Legislature.
It originally consisted of four permanent members and four other members elected by the Assembly. In 1926, Germany was also given a permanent seat in the council. The number of non-permanent members continued to increase and ultimately it reached the figures of eleven. Of the two, the assembly was certainly stronger.
It was located at Geneva. The Secretary General was the prominent figure. He was appointed by the Council but the approval of Assembly was essential. The staff of the Secretariat was appointed by the Secretary General in consultation with the Council. The member states had to pay towards the expenses of the Secretariat..
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