Statistics is a combination of logic and mathematics. Biostatistics is the science, which utilizes mathematical logic to the analysis and interpretation of the biological information and observations.

**Biostatistics**

Statistics
is a combination of logic and mathematics. Biostatistics is the science, which
utilizes mathematical logic to the analysis and interpretation of the
biological information and observations. Unlike the other scientific
disciplines, Statistics is not a body of substantive knowledge, but only a body
of methods of obtaining knowledge. It deals with only numerical data.
Information supported by the numerical facts is precise and hence statistical
information is more meaningful and measurable than the non-measurable
information. For example, the statement “There is 90% chance of occurring of an
event” is more accurate than the statement “There is a very good chance of
occurring of the event”. In the ordinary sense the term 'Statistics' is used
for numerical figures or statistical data, whereas in the wider sense the term
refers to various statistical methods. Statistics is as old as human society
itself. Its origin can be traced back to pre-Christian era. The Pharos (rulers
of ancient Egypt) and Hebrews (ancient Palestinians) used to keep a regular
record of manpower and material strengths for their military and fiscal
(taxation) purposes. Therefore statistics is called the "Science of the
Kings". The word 'Statistics' is derived from the (Latin) word “States'”
indicating the practice of data gathering by the State/Rulers. The development
of the Statistics is also helped by the gamblers of the seventeenth century.
The laws of the chance are very essential to the gamblers to win the games and
hence they invented batter methods to find out the probabilities.

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